Ukrainian Diaspora in Canada.
Naturally, Ukrainians in Canada are one of the many national minorities. According to the 2001 census of the population, there were 1,071,060 people. This figure corresponds to 3.61% of the total number of citizens of Canada. For the year of the census, the Ukrainian diaspora took the ninth place in terms of its number. Thus, Canada was in third place in the world in terms of the number of Ukrainians living in it. On the first, of course, is Ukraine, and on the second – Russia. It should be noted that when counting the number of people in the diaspora, not Ukrainians, but only ethnic Ukrainians were taken into account.
Almost 85% of Ukrainians living in this country were born in Canada and are citizens of the country. This part of the diaspora is mostly compactly residing in the western territories. In some areas it is Ukrainians who make up the majority of the local population.
The history of the appearance of Ukrainians in Canada.
Ukrainians in Canada have kept in memory the names of their first two compatriots, who first stepped onto the ground of their future second homeland. It happened in 1891. Two simple peasants from the village of Nebylov now Rozhnyatovsky district of the Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ivan Filippov and Vasily Yelenyak, then founded the Ukrainian diaspora in the number of two people. Today, in the historic homeland of the pioneers in their honor is a monument. And during the life of Ivan and Basil their native places were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the following year, several Ukrainian families came to call these bold men to Canada.
Ivan Filippov took the initiative to invite compatriots to settle in Canada. He even founded the first Ukrainian settlement of Edna Star in the province of Alberta. It was here that the first Ukrainian families were drawn from the distant Motherland.
In the late 90s of the century before last, an active agitator for the departure of Ukrainians to Canada appeared in Western Ukraine, it was Dr. Iosif Oleskov. As you know, in these places there has always been an excess of population and a lack of arable land. It is not surprising that when people learned about the vast areas of free territory in Canada, they willingly went there. With the efforts of Joseph, the population of Canada began to grow actively due to people from Galicia, Bukovina and Prykarpattya.
Most of the first wave of Ukrainian immigration was simple farmers. They preferred to compactly settle in the steppe areas of the province of Alberta, as well as in the prairies of Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Often Ukrainians came here whole villages. Of course, the Canadian prairies can not be compared with the Ukrainian steppes of the Dnieper. Here, the climate is more severe than in Ukraine, and forests are more than enough. Western Ukraine, too, can not be attributed to the steppe zone, there is enough forests, but here the climate here is much softer than the Canadian one. Thus, new settlers did not need to get used to new landscapes, but local weather had to get used. South of Edmonton and Winnipeg, the endless Canadian steppes are spread, however, the inhabitants of the Carpathian region preferred to settle in forest, hilly places, so similar to their abandoned homeland. The descendants of those immigrants say today that Ukrainians do not want to live south of Edmonton because there do not grow aspens. The area, where the first Ukrainian settlers settled, today is an ecological museum called Kalina-Country.
The second reason for the active departure of Ukrainians to Canada was the too strict tax policy of Austria-Hungary. In the then Canada, there were no taxes at all, and the dominion’s budget was formed at the expense of the metropolis. The overwhelming part of the then Ukrainian immigration persistently did not want to give up the usual way of life and rejected any assimilation. That’s why they preferred to live together. The process of assimilation of Ukrainians practically began only in the middle of the 20th century, when they began to move to live in cities. Nevertheless, even there the Ukrainians tend to live communally. They create national schools, clubs and, of course, temples. However, close communication with the English-speaking majority had a negative impact on the preservation of a clean Ukrainian speech. No matter how hard the Ukrainians tried to keep their language clean, the majority can not do it. As a result, instead of the correct Ukrainian speech in Canada, the surzh sounds more and more often.
By the way, for their patriotism Ukrainians at one time had to pay a high price. In particular, during the period from 1914 to 1918, when Canada took part in the First World War, all those who came from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, who did not wish to assimilate, were settled before the end of the war in concentration camps.
The second wave of Ukrainian immigration.
After the defeat of Austria-Hungary in the First World War, Western Ukraine once again fell under the redistribution, and it was divided into parts between the newly emerged states. At the same time, a new outflow resumed. However, Ukrainians in Canada now increasingly began to choose for their settlement did not settle, and the city. Preference was given to industrial centers in eastern Canada, such as Toronto and Montreal.
Now in the eastern regions of Canada Ukrainians live much more than in the western. However, in the east, Ukrainians are more scattered, so their political and cultural weight is not as high as in the western part of the country.
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excellent article, it was interesting to know the history of the first Slavic settlers, one could still tell us about other ethnic groups in Canada.
Yes it was useful to know which cities it is better not to go)))
Otherwise, if you change the country, and the environment and habits are left the same, then life will very soon begin to seem not so much as another “# 8221 ;.
useful article. the truth is very useful to know in which cities you should not go 🙂
I would perhaps prefer to join a new society away from our Slav brothers. So you will learn the language faster and feel yourself faster as a Canadian 🙂
I think on the contrary it is necessary to go nearer to fellow countrymen, in which case there is someone to turn to for help. In any case, it will be easier than to seek help from a friend from China whose English is even more incomprehensible than you. but in general the article is super.
would have met with a girl)) from Canada)) where to look?))
serik & # 8211; In Canada!
The fact is that the descendants of those Ukrainians are already crooned, and they are the same Canadians as people from Ireland or England.
westwithin, that’s for sure. more than 90 years have passed since the second wave of immigration & # 8230;
sorry I did not hit that wave.
are you kidding? and Che what would you do there? )) no one prevents you from getting into the wave of the 21st century! This is steeper than the times of horses and agriculture. As for me.
I agree with canadian_man now really cooler.
yes steeper, only if you are in Canada)
or received from the embassy.
The most important thing is & # 8211; many Ukrainians are ready to help for the sake of helping Ukrainians who want to move to Canada.
Who can help immigrate to Canada? Our family (husband 30 years, wife 27 years and two small children 5 and 4 years). Thank you very much in advance!
Yes, I’m here wondering how there life in general is & # 8230; I’m thinking about leaving and I have a lot of friends who are planning to move to Canada. & # 8230;
Thanks for the info!
One of the largest diasporas & # 8230;
With Novim Rokom Yesterday we celebrate Christ’s all!
I agree with Tatyana and the same question, who can help or give reliable information on how to get to Canada, how to work, how and where to settle in terms of housing, etc.?
Zdrvstvuyte all who can help me or give reliable information, how to emigrate to Canada (the Ukrainian diaspora).? Thankful in advance to all grateful.
It would be nice to wind up in Canada.
Who wants to immigrate to Canada & # 8211; I recommend the forum.
Mostly there is a Quebec provincial program, but there is information about other options.
I took advantage of the information from this forum and went through the whole process with my family in less than 3 years. Now & # 8211; this is very little, aim at longer terms.
The Canadian diaspora is very well-connected here, and upon your arrival you will certainly be helped in the information plan, and soon you will be assisted in finding the first (unskilled) work. But the process of immigration & # 8211; it’s just your care and your work. Learn languages & # 8211; without fluency in the language there is nothing to do.