penrose. April 28, 2014.
Author: Golovachev VI
Dating: Scarecrow made in 1990.
Size: length – 4 m 20 cm, weight – 966 kg.
Description: Beluga is a valuable commercial fish of the sturgeon family, common in the basins of the Caspian, Black, and Azov Seas. In 1989 it was caught by fishermen. Weight 966 kg, weight of caviar 120 kg, age 70-75 years, length 4 m 20 cm. Scarecrow made by taxidermist Golovachev VI in 1990
In the “Studies on the state of fishing in Russia”, in 1861 it was reported about the beluga, caught in 1827 in the lower reaches of the Volga, which weighed 1.5 tons.
In nature, the beluga is an independent species, but it can hybridize with sterlet, stellate sturgeon, thorn and sturgeon. With the help of artificial insemination, viable hybrids – beluga-sterlet (bester) – were obtained. Sturgeon hybrids are successfully grown in pond (aquaculture) farms.
Another legend that at one time surrounded the beluga with a sinister halo – the poison of the beluga. Some considered poisonous the liver of young fish or meat of the beluga, which could have gone mad like a cat or a dog, as a result of which its meat became poisonous. Confirmation of that, has not yet been found.
Despite the fact that there are more than 20 different species of sturgeon all over the world, which have different needs in biological and ecological conditions, they all have similar features.
Passing fish, living in the Caspian, Azov and Black Seas, go into the rivers for spawning. Previously, the beluga was relatively numerous, but over time its reserves were severely depleted.
The Danube and the Black Sea in their time were the most active region of the wide diversity of beluga – up to 6 different species. Currently, one species is completely lost, and the remaining five are threatened with extinction.
In 2006, Romania was the first country to declare a ban on sturgeon fishing. The 10-year ban will expire at the end of 2015. Following the appeal of the EU, Bulgaria also announced a ban on fishing sturgeon. Despite the ban, poaching seems to continue to be widespread throughout the Danube region, although it is difficult to obtain specific facts of illegal fishing. It is well known that the black caviar market is booming. One of the reasons for excessive fishing is the high price of caviar. Illegally produced caviar in Bulgaria and Romania can be bought in other EU countries. Thanks to the first black caviar research conducted in Bulgaria and Romania in 2011-2012, the experts of the World Wide Fund for Nature were able to trace the ways of distribution of contraband goods in Europe.
The population of sturgeon was severely damaged as a result of the loss of the original and the place of distribution corresponding to this type of fish on the Danube. Strengthening the banks and dividing the river into canals, building powerful engineering structures that protect against floods, reduced the natural floodplains and wetlands that were part of the river system by 80%. Navigation is also one of the major threats to the range of sturgeon, mainly as a result of activities that include deepening and dredging on the river. The extraction of sand and gravel, changes in soil produced by the underwater part of the vessel, also have a disastrous effect on the sturgeon population in the Danube.
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