TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Trinidad and Tobago), Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (Republic of Trinidad and Tobago), State in the Center. America, in the West Indies, in the Caribbean. Includes the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, as well as 5 small islands. Pl. 5.1 t. Km 2. Us. 1081 tons (1982). The capital is Port of Spez (on the island of Trinidad, 280 tons.). Prior to independence in 1962, T. and T. were British. Included in the Commonwealth. The basis of the economy is oil. prom -st and with. x-in.
In the composition sovr. us. Negroes predominate – descendants of afr. slaves (42.8%), Indians – descendants of workers from India (40.1%), mulattoes (14%), and others. yaz. – English. The majority of believers are Christians (60%), there are also Hindus (about 25%), Muslims (about 6%), etc.
Demographic. events are logged. Censuses us. are held since 1851, there were 13 in all, the last took place in 1980. On the growth dynamics of us. means. influence externally. migration. From the 2nd floor. 19th century. and to the end. 1930’s. us. increased by immigration, since natural. the gain was not high. Since the 1960s. the decline and stabilization of mortality begins (in 1960 – 8 o / oo, in 1978 – 6.5 o / oo), the decrease in the birth rate (in 1960 – 39.5 o / oo, in 1978 – 25.1 o / oo), decrease natures. growth (in 1960 – 31.5 o / oo, in 1978 – 19.2 o / oo) and mass emigration. As a result, the total increase of us. (in 1975-82 – an average of 1.5% per year) was below the natures. growth. Baby. The mortality rate in 1960 was 45.4 � / o, in 1978 – 22.4 o / oo. Nuptiality – 7.4 o / oo, dilution – 0.6 o / oo (1978). Cf. the life expectancy of men – 64.1 years, women – 68.1 years (1970). In the age structure of us. in 1977 the share of persons 0-14 years old was 35.9%, 15-64 years old – 60.0%, 65 years and over – 4.1%. The share of women is 49.2% (1977) (see the figure).
Age-sex pyramid of the population of Trinidad and Tobago. 1977.
Cf. population density – 212 people. on 1 km 2 (1982). The most densely populated zap. part about. Trinidad. Hor. us.- 17% (1980).
Economically active us. – 59.4% of all of us. (1981), among men – 81.6%, among women – 37.4%. Unemployed – 16% of economically active us. (1974). 7.8% of adults are illiterate. country (1970). Beginning education compulsory and free for children 6-12 years in volume cf. school. Most of the school institutions are managed by the state. and religion. org-tion. In the beginning. and cf. schools in 1977 trained 78% of children and adolescents 5-17 years. There are several. prof.-tehn. uch. institutions, ped. colleges, a branch (engineering faculty) of the University of the West Indies.
Honey. help is provided in the state. and private lech. institutions. In 1978, the number of hospital beds per 1000 people. was 4.6, 1 doctor accounted for 1.3 tons (1980).
Social security extends to wage earners, financed by insurance premiums of workers – 2.5-3.2% of wages. Pensions are provided for old age, disability and survivors; sickness benefit (only from the 4th day of incapacity for work). Working women have the right to maternity benefits and a one-time benefit in connection with the birth of a child.
Gos. demographic. the policy is aimed at reducing the growth rate of us. The People’s Council, which is the supreme advisory body of the Prospect Island, the Family Planning Department (Ministry of Health) was created.
Demographic. The problems are studied in the Department of Population Studies. Centre. statistic. service (since 1961), in the Institute of Social and Economic. studies of the West Indies University (since 1970). Demographic. yearbooks and other publications on the statistics of us. are published sporadically. The course of demography is read to university students specializing in sociology.
According to the UN forecast (1980, compare version), the number. us. T. and T. by 2000 – 1483 tons.
Fetisov AS, Trinidad and Tobago. Econ.-geogr. essay, M. 1975; Williams, E., History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago, N.Y., 1964; Harewood, J., The Population of Trinidad and Tobago, P., 1975 (1974 World Population Year, CICRED Series).
Demographic encyclopedic dictionary. – Moscow: Soviet Encyclopedia. Editor-in-chief D.I. Valente. 1985.
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Trinidad and Tobago – the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, a state in the West Indies, near the north. east. coast of South. America. Located on the islands, two of which were named. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. Trinidad Isp. The trinity is named in appearance, reminiscent of & # 8230; … Geographical encyclopedia.
Trinidad and Tobago – noun., number of synonyms: 1 � country (281) Dictionary of synonyms ASIS. V.N. Trishin. 2013 … Dictionary of synonyms.
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TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO – The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, an island nation in the West Indies, off the coast of South America. The area of o.Trinidad 4828 sq. Km. km, 96% of the country’s population live there. Area of. Tobago, located 34 km to the north east, only 300 sq. Km. km … Encyclopedia of Collier.
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Trinidad and Tobago is the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, a state in the West Indies, on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. 5,1 thousand km2. The population is 1.26 million people (1996), mainly Trinidad people of Indo-Pakistani and Creole Trinidad. City & # 8230; � Encyclopedic Dictionary.
Trinidad and Tobago – The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, a country in the West Indies, on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago and the 5 small islands adjoining them in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of South America. Included in & # 8230; � Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
Trinidad and Tobago – Sunny clean sandy beach. Trinidad and Tobago. TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Republic of Trinidad and Tobago), a state in the West Indies, on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. The area is 5,1 thousand km2. The population of 1.25 million people, mainly Indo Trinidadians, … Illustrated encyclopedic dictionary.
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