The US Citizenship Act.
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This mark is set April 1, 2014.
A US citizen is a person who has received all the rights and obligations provided by the US Constitution and US laws, by birth or naturalization, and entitled to protection by the state.
Citizenship by birthright.
Children born in the United States (not only 50 states and the District of Columbia, but also, in many cases, born in US-owned territories such as Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, US Virgin Islands) receive US citizenship birthright (except for children of diplomatic staff). This law sometimes causes resentment, since some believe that many parents, including illegal migrants, can enter the country specifically to give birth to a child (so-called “anchor children”).
This legal procedure for enrolling in US citizenship can be collective and individual. Collective naturalization occurs automatically when the territory receives state status. Section 8 of Article I of the Constitution grants to Congress the right to establish uniform rules for naturalization. The practical implementation of these rules is the responsibility of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Under the Immigration and Nationality Act 1952, a foreigner can obtain US citizenship if he is 18 years old, he has legally entered the country and lived in it for at least five years, is a “highly moral person”, has two guarantors, can demonstrate proficiency in English and familiarity with the history of the United States and their state institutions, as well as ready to swear an oath of allegiance. Spouses of US citizens can obtain US citizenship after three years of permanent residence in the United States.
Obligatory element of the adoption of US citizenship. The oath, following the court secretary, repeats the oath: “I swear herewith that I absolutely and completely renounce loyalty and loyalty to any foreign monarch, sovereign, state or sovereign power, whose citizen or citizen I have been to this day; that I will support and protect the Constitution and laws of the United States of America from all enemies, external and internal; that I will faithfully and truly serve the United States; that I will take up arms and fight on the side of the United States, when I will be obliged to do so by law; that I will carry non-combat service in the US armed forces, when I will be obliged to do so by law; that I will do civil work when I am required to do so by law; and that I pronounce this oath openly, without back thoughts or the intention to evade its fulfillment. May God help me “[1].
The refusal under oath from former citizenship was introduced by the US Congress in 1802.
The party affiliation of a US citizen is determined by registration in the local election commission. Party tickets and applications for admission to the Democratic and Republican Party (as well as in the vast majority of smaller parties in the US) are absent. The formal exit from the party consists in sending a new questionnaire to the local election commission.