The life of the Russians in Switzerland.
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After the collapse of the Soviet Union, more and more residents of Russia and CIS countries began to travel across Europe and move to other countries. So Switzerland has become a home for many people seeking to get a European education or better job. In addition to the indigenous population, there are many tourists and immigrants from different countries. Russians in Switzerland are quite common.
The Russians are about Switzerland.
Switzerland is a country with developed technological potential and a high level of economy, taking leading positions among other countries of the world. The mild climate provides comfortable living conditions at any time of year, the picturesque landscapes of the Alps pleases the view with their beauty. It is these favorable conditions that attract immigrants to Swiss cities, and residents of Russia and CIS countries are no exception.
Life in Switzerland through the eyes of Russians is a whole spectrum of different opinions. Some people consider this country too expensive, others are ready to put up with inflated prices for the sake of living in good conditions. Some argue that the Swiss are somewhat snobbish, and there are those who celebrate the affability of the inhabitants of this country.
The Russian community in Switzerland began to form only after 1990, and by 1995 the emigration process had significantly increased. According to official data, at the moment about 22 thousand Russians and people from the CIS countries live in the country.
To understand how people live in Switzerland, it is worth considering the peculiarities of staying in this country. Thanks to the high level of purchasing power, many people in Switzerland can afford to live in prosperity. The main task is to find a good job.
When comparing the situation of citizens of this country and Russian emigrants, it becomes obvious that highly paid vacancies are more likely to be paid to native residents. But the plus is the fact that the state provides employment of migrants by 76% the maximum among other countries.
Features of life.
The average salary in Switzerland is 5,500 euros, which allows for a decent standard of living. In the service sector, you can earn an average of 4,300 euros, while qualified professionals earn more than 10,000 euros. Such high salaries correspond to the prices in the cities. It can not be said that food products are very different in value from the rest of Europe, but transportation costs and taxes are much higher.
Life of Russians in Switzerland (as well as residents of other countries that are not members of the European Union) is complicated by an obligatory condition for a work visa. To obtain it you will need:
the questionnaire in triplicate; a passport and 3 photocopies; 3 photos; labor contract from the place of work and 3 of its photocopies.
Education system.
As for education, Switzerland is one of the best universities in Europe. Secondary education is free, but the higher one will have to pay. Payment in different universities depends on their prestige. There are grants and scholarships for both citizens of the country and for foreigners, but it is not so easy to win them.
Russian immigrants, along with other foreigners, can study in primary and secondary schools, higher education institutions, and attend additional courses and go to a second higher education.
Pension system.
Switzerland is the most favorable country for pensioners. The state offers special investment programs for wealthy members of the elderly, which attracts many immigrants.
State-guaranteed pensions correspond to the average wage in the country and range from 1,000 to 2,100 euros per month. There is also a compulsory contribution by the employer to the funded part of the pension in the amount of 8% of the salary. Many older people, visiting local ski resorts, decide to stay for a permanent residence.
Thus, among the main advantages of living in Switzerland is to allocate a good education, worthy pay and a favorable environment. The disadvantages are high prices, difficulties in legalizing and the need for health insurance.
Attitude of Swiss citizens to the Russian population.
The indigenous population in Switzerland refers to foreigners with a mass of prejudice. When in the 60s of the last century the first influx of immigrants from Yugoslavia took place as doctors and engineers, the foreigners met positively. But since 1991, the number of settlers has increased, and they have all been looking for work and shelter and material support, not work. Over time, there were too many foreigners, and this led to skirmishes in the streets and the violation of law and order. It was this behavior that began to form a negative opinion about immigrants.
Many are interested in how they treat Russians in Switzerland. Certainly, such negativity as to the natives of Yugoslavia, to the inhabitants of Russia and Ukraine was not noticed. But it is not possible to avoid stereotypes about Russian consumption of alcohol in large quantities or about excessive use of cosmetics by Russian girls, which allegedly speaks about easy access. However, prejudices exist in any society, so do not be surprised; it’s easier not to give them a reason.
A special attitude of Swiss to foreigners can be noticed when hiring. As already mentioned, if there is a choice between a native and a migrant, then the vacant seat is likely to get the first one.
In different regions there may be peculiarities in communicating with foreigners. For example, the Russians in Zurich may not worry at all that they will somehow be allocated among the local ones. There residents have modern views on the foundations and social life, and equality is proclaimed in all spheres of activity.
In more remote areas where the majority of residents are adherents of the old traditions, foreigners are treated with a share of racism, providing lower positions or offering minimum salaries.
Russian Diaspora in Switzerland.
The Russian canton of Switzerland is located in Geneva, Zurich and a small village of Cologne. The main feature of the Russian community can be called its dispersity. Many famous personalities from Russia migrated to Switzerland from Russia, among them famous sportsmen, figure skaters, businessmen. But not only wealthy citizens can afford to move in. people with average income also successfully find their own homes and jobs in this European country.
Only since 2000 in Switzerland began to appear magazines and sites in Russian. Relations between Russia, the CIS countries and Switzerland began to strengthen since 2006, bringing together their state policy. Joint activities aimed at integrating the cultural characteristics of countries began to be carried out.
One of the brightest events was the organization of the Day of Slavic Writing and Culture, when the Russians in Bern acquainted local and tourists with their history. In Friborg and Zurich, centers of Russian culture are created, where everyone can watch theatrical performances, visit various circles and even enroll in Russian language courses.
In the life of the participants of the Russian diaspora in Switzerland, the Orthodox Church is reborn again. It should be noted that the church & # 8211; the only Russian public institution that continued to interact with compatriots residing in this country despite any vicissitudes of the 20th century.
One of the most amazing places in Switzerland, which has the status of Russian territory, is a piece of land in the Alps. In the distant 1799 on the way from Lucerne to Lugano near the village of Andermatt the great transition of the Russian commander Suvorov was accomplished.
At the end of the 19th century, the Swiss government allocated 495 square meters to Russia. m. in honor of the great victory over the army of the French. A memorial is erected on this site, and every tourist or local resident can visit a piece of Russian land in Switzerland.
In addition to a piece of land in the Alps, which has only historical value, there is a large amount of private property in Switzerland that belongs to Russian citizens and residents of the CIS countries.
Switzerland is famous for its excellent political and economic stability, favorable location and relatively small domestic market. All this creates ideal conditions both for living and for running your own business here.
Access to new technologies and a variety of economic sites give good chances for the development of entrepreneurship by foreigners, including Russians.
As we see, in Switzerland the Russian land is represented both as private property and as an autonomous territory, albeit in small numbers. Now the country is becoming more integrated, which allows many foreign citizens to find work here, get an education or open their own business.