Sights of Armenia. 25 places to go.
Today I will tell you about the sights of Armenia, we visited some of them ourselves, and some did not have time to visit, then there will be an occasion to come again!
You can travel around Armenia in different ways: by public transport, by hitchhiking, by car. Everywhere there are pluses and minuses, but it’s more comfortable to drive on your own or rented car or take a car with a driver who not only knows the way, but also interestingly tells. The country after all is small, therefore in the morning having left Yerevan it is possible to see many interesting places for one day, in the evening having returned back.
I recommend to come for a minimum of a week, and it is better to allocate 10-12 days, so you can hurry to travel from city to city.
So, what to see in Armenia and where to go?
Sights of Armenia.
One can talk about Yerevan long. This is a very busy city with a calm non-atelier atmosphere. It is distinguished by buildings built of red tuff and an unusual layout. Walk up the stairs of the Cascade, go to the dancing fountains in the evening and sit outside in the cafe. In Yerevan it is easy to spend 2-3 days.
Complex Cascade in Yerevan.
It is located 42 km from the capital at the border with Turkey. From here one of the best views of Mount Ararat is opened & # 8212; The symbol of Armenia, which by coincidence turned out to be in the territory of another country. The border is closed and it can not be crossed neither here, nor in another place, but you can admire the mountain itself.
It’s best to arrive early in the morning by taxi or your car until the clouds wrapped Ararat from the bottom to the top. The monastery itself is famous for the fact that Grigory the Enlightener was imprisoned for 15 years in prison, who was released when he cured the king of the disease.
It is located 30 km from Yerevan. For a long time this temple lay in ruins, but during the Soviet era it was rebuilt. The fortress of Garni began to be built in the pre-Christian period of Armenia, and thanks to a successful location the citadel protected citizens from invasions.
Gurney & # 8212; The only monument of the Hellenistic and pagan era in Armenia.
If you go further along the road after Garni, then you will go to the monastery of Geghard. It is located in the gorge of the Gokht River, 40 km from Yerevan. Geghard is just a very atmospheric place & # 8212; part of the temples is cut straight in the rock, and the patterns on the walls are fascinating. Inside the silence and gloom, the sacred spring flows directly from the rock. The Vodicka is cold and tasty!
It is believed that it was founded in the 4th century, and the name came from the word “spear”. According to tradition, a spear was brought here, which pierced the body of Jesus Christ during the crucifixion. World Heritage Site of UNESCO.
Echmiadzin & # 8212; the most significant spiritual center for Armenians. Here is the residence of the Catholicos of all Armenians and important relics: a fragment of Noah’s Ark, a spear pierced by Christ. The monastic complex was built in 303 and now includes a cathedral and educational institutions. Nearby in the city there are several more temples and a museum with a collection of medieval art.
6. Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory.
It is located on the slope of Aragats mountain, 35 km from Yerevan in Byurakan village. A rather unusual sight of Armenia, one of the leading institutions of the Armenian Academy of Sciences. As far as I know, there is an unofficial hotel at the observatory, where you can sleep, plus order a night excursion to watch the stars.
It is located a little further up in the direction of Aragats. It was in the 10th-13th centuries by the private estate of the princes of Pahlavuni. It was built to protect against the raids of the Romans, Persians, Turks. Like Garni, Amberd’s fortress is on an impregnable rock & # 8212; in ancient times, people were wisely approaching the choice of a place for building fortresses.
The high-mountain lake Kari Lich (“Lich” in Armenian & “Lake” # 8212; this is the end point of the road leading along the slope of Aragats, located at an altitude of more than 3000 meters. Arriving here in the summer, you will find salvation from the heat of the Ararat valley, because the surrounding slopes can easily lie snow even at this time. To the lake is not very good quality road, so that you put a little more time on the trip, and in winter the road is closed due to snowfalls.
As they say, on the banks there is a cafe, where they prepare the best khash in Armenia.
The highest mountain of Armenia with four peaks up to 4090 m above sea level. The southern peak is easy for climbing even for inexperienced tourists, but the northern one requires serious skills. In any case, I recommend taking a guide if you are going to these places & # 8212; it can be found in Yerevan in one of the travel agencies.
A two-day train with a guide, including accommodation, food and transportation, will cost around 45,000 drams per person.
Lake Sevan Armenians call the sea. In its transparent and cold waters, trout, other fish, and crayfish are found, which are sold everywhere cheaply. Sevan is located 70 km from Yerevan, and the residents of the capital are fleeing summer gifts here: many holiday houses are built on the shore, boats are surrendered, excursions are being arranged & 8212; a real Armenian resort.
It is worth remembering that the city of Sevan is not entirely on the shore of the lake, but the monastery of Sevanavank is located on a peninsula far from the city. From the parking leads up stairs to the monastery on the hill. It offers a good view of the lake.
Once the peninsula was an island, and here in the 8th century monks settled who built a chapel. Over time, the monks became larger, and around the island they erected walls and built three churches, and a monastery appeared.
In the summer it is quite crowded, on the stairs sit sellers of souvenirs and just beggars & # 8212; that still atmosphere.
30 km south of the city of Sevan you will find another monastery, also located on the shore of the lake, but it is much less frequented by tourists. He is already 1100 years old, and the walls are made of red tuff, as in many buildings in Armenia.
Even farther to the south in the ancient village of Noratus there is a cemetery of Khachkars of the same name. Khachkars & # 8212; they are stone stellas with the image of a cross. In these places you can wander and think about the eternal on the windswept plains.
If you want to drive through quite non-tourist Armenia, go further south along the coast towards Martuni, Vardenik. Bend the lake from the south & # 8212; there are generally wild places.
What to see in Armenia in winter and what to do? Of course, to come to the ski resort Tsaghkadzor. In Soviet times, Soviet athletes were preparing here for the Olympics, and the city was recognized as one of the best resorts.
In the summer in Tsakhkadzor the wind is walking along the streets, but in winter skiers come from all over the region, including from Russia. Hotels are crammed, and the price tag rises. It is easy to rent ski equipment at the box office.
However, the lift is open all year round, and it will take you to the mountain. Take a walk in the woods on foot or rent a horse. In the city there is also the monastery Kecharis and the house-museum of the brothers Orbeli.
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The road after Lake Sevan rises to the mountains, then dives into the tunnel, and emerges as if in another country. Dilijan is called Armenian Switzerland for picturesque landscapes and dense green forests. From Soviet times, in the city of the ball, the base “# 187; creative people: actors, directors, writers, artists. And I understand them & # 8212; Dilijan is surrounded on all sides by mountains covered with hornbeam forest, and the air is clean and clean.
And, as you know, water in Dilijan is the second in the world after San Francisco 😉
The street of old Dilijan.
15. Monasteries Haghartsin and Goshavank.
In Dilijan national park there is a monastery Haghartsin. Maybe he himself will not impress you after dozens of others in Armenia, but it’s nice to stroll through the forest, maybe even pick up mushrooms and berries. local people come here on weekends for a picnic, why not arrange a get-together around a mountain river?
The monastery Goshavank is located in the village of Gosh and was founded in 1188.
There, near Dilijan in the mountains there is Lake Parz. We got here just in the weekend. people were like in a city park. And on the lake really built a whole park: crossing the lake on ropes, bicycle rental, cafes with music.
A pleasant place to come for half a day, walk around the surrounding woods, sit on the beach and after such activities, have a good dinner in one of the cafes.
Ijevan still lags behind Dilijan in the development of tourism, but slowly things are going. The city is the center of the Tavush region and has a milder climate than its neighbor. But there, and there are several sources of mineral water.
Due to the mild climate, many grapes and other fruits grow in the district, therefore Ijevan is considered a wine-growing district. You can visit the winery, as well as the local museum. Local craftsmen were famous for their ability to weave carpets, and in Soviet times the biggest carpet-weaving factory in Transcaucasia was located in Ijevan. It may be that the carpet of your grandmother from Ijevan 😉
You can go by car or bicycle for 35 km along serpentines and mountain villages from Ijevan to Berda. It promises to be a good adventure, but we left this idea for a second visit, not all at once.
On the road from Yerevan to Tbilisi stretched a picturesque canyon Debed with steep cliffs and a mountain river running somewhere far below. In the canyon are the monasteries of Sanahin and Haghpat, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Here, every village keeps history, and in each there is a church. It is interesting to look at post-apocalyptic landscapes in the mining town of Alaverdi, where copper is mined. Some ash dumps, destroyed buildings, crumpled metal & # 8230 ;.
I recommend not to go specially to the canyon, but to stop on the way to / from Yerevan.
Noravank is located a few km from the main Yerevan-Goris highway and rises in a very picturesque area. As well as the surrounding gorge, the monastery is built of red stone and thanks to this it looks unusual.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, Noravank was a cultural center and the seat of bishops. The road to the monastery is truly breathtaking, taking place among steep cliffs and scorched earth. Landscapes are a little Martian!
Jermuk & # 8212; It is a small resort town located at an altitude of 2100 m above sea level. It is here that the legendary mineral water is produced. In the drinking gallery, anyone can drink water for free, and it differs in temperature and properties: different flows from different cranes.
In Jermuk all is nice and cultured: the old people talk about the sanatoriums, holding glasses with mineral water in their hands, the youth rolls on roller skates or runs around an artificial lake. I was a so-so so-called Soviet resort. Now the city is investing money and quietly rebuilding, has already appeared hotel Hayatt and other pathos hotels.
Through the city lies a deep gorge, descending into which you can find a waterfall.
One of the most unusual and mysterious sights of Armenia is & # 8212; 220 stone slabs up to three meters high, in some of them round holes up to 10 cm in diameter. The name is translated as “stone-warriors”. Zorats-Karer is 6 km north of Sisian city on a burnt plateau, blown by all the winds.
There is no exact version of the designation of this structure: they write, the builders had good knowledge in the field of astronomy, and the stones were built to observe the stars. According to another version & # 8212; it’s just a pen for cattle or a funeral mound.
Near Sisian is Shakinsky waterfall 18 meters high.
Monastery Tatev and the cable car to it “# 8212; this is something that is worth seeing in Armenia! The monastery is built on a rock near the cliff in the Vorotan Gorge, and this is one of the most picturesque places in the country. A view that opens from Tatev & # 8212; just fabulous.
The cable car & # 171; Tatev Wings & # 187; is the longest reversible cable car in the world and is laid at an altitude of 300 m above the gorge. Just imagine & # 8212; you fly at such a height, and beneath you are an endlessly deep gorge and endless streamers.
You can go along the road, then definitely look at the so-called Satan’s Bridge at the very bottom of the canyon. Near Tatev, you can make a few short walks to the surrounding villages and forests.
24. Goris-Meghri road (border with Iran)
Go to the extreme south of Armenia, where you will find a tiring but beautiful road. Especially here I would not advise to go, but if you go to Iran, then you will not go another way 😉
Gyumri is the second largest city in Armenia, and for a long time is under Russian influence. Since 1801, Russian troops have occupied the city, and now there is a Russian military base, even with independent Armenia.
Gyumri and Spitak were very badly affected by the earthquake in 1988, and it is still possible to meet destroyed buildings or objects on restoration.
Surely, this is not all the sights of Armenia and there are interesting places that did not fall into this review. Do you know about such? Write in the comments!
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7 Comments.
Thank you so much for such a detailed review!
Thank you very much for the answer!
Guys, very useful articles! Thank you for information! Tell me, please, as in Armenia in compliance with the rules of the SDA? We are going to Armenia with a seven-month-old child, will we be able to travel by taxi without a car seat? Will taxi drivers? And what about the roads in general? Thanks in advance!
August 31st, 2017 at 12:38.
Marina, good afternoon! The state of roads is average, the rules are often overlooked. As for the child’s chair, I will not say for sure, but the feeling that no one is really following this.
In Armenia it is very beautiful. It’s its own beauty. Not the same as we have on the Black Sea or in Adygea. This must be seen.
Cool with you! With great pleasure I read.
It is useful, interesting, saturated with emotions.
Thank you very much and good luck!
Natalia, thank you! And you all the best and pleasant travel!
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