Politics of Karelia.
Discussions, comments, reflections.
Migrants in Karelia.
Someone is going to our republic to settle here permanently, and somebody ” for temporary work.
People change their place of residence. The tribes wander. Peoples are coming to new lands. And although in the modern world there are no grandiose migrations, however, the process of changing the ethnic and confessional picture of the world is obvious even to specialists. Therefore, each sovereign state, protecting the territory of its indigenous peoples, limits access for foreign citizens to the fatherland, and if it admits anyone, it tries to do it for the benefit of the indigenous population. Migratory legislation everywhere strictly and clearly regulates: whom and on what conditions to admit, whom and for what to expel from the borders of the country.
The migration shaft is also rolling on Russia, which is explained by the economic attractiveness of our country for foreign citizens living in the countries of Asia and the Caucasus. First of all, they come to us from the Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet republics), although a powerful and constantly growing ethnic array is also moving from China to Vietnam.
The vast territory of Russia demographically degrades and the liberated space is filled with foreigners. And if this process is not regulated for the benefit of the autochthonous population, then the fate of the original inhabitants, that is, of the indigenous people, is not enviable. Therefore, the state is called upon to protect its citizens by encouraging only those migration processes that benefit the indigenous population. This means that the well-being of Russian citizens directly depends on the accuracy and rigor of the Russian migration legislation.
Our interlocutor Roman Toivonen is engaged in migration issues in Karelia. About what is happening in this area, he knows more than others. Starting a conversation with him, we, first of all, asked how many foreign citizens and stateless persons come to Karelia? It turned out that 7036 foreign citizens and stateless persons were registered at the place of residence last year, less than in 2008 (8,433 people). In total, last year, the republic entered # 8212; 80,945 foreign citizens left the country.
Constantly live in Karelia, 1,254 foreign nationals, of which 278 & 8212; have a residence permit, and another 976 are temporarily with us. They come to us mainly from three states: Azerbaijan, Armenia and Ukraine. Moreover, the fact that they are moving to the North they, as a rule, with the purpose of obtaining Russian citizenship, those who go to work no more than 5 percent, attracts attention.
The number of foreigners invited by the enterprises of Karelia to work in the republic decreased from 343 people in 2009 to 279 th # 8212; in that. The proportion of issued permits to foreign workers who arrived in a visa-free regime is now more than 90 percent of all permits. In this category & # 8212; residents of Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Foreigners who do not need a visa to interdict the state border of Russia, as a rule, work in those sectors of the economy where local residents are not particularly willing to work.
The number of foreign citizens and stateless persons working in Karelia was at the beginning of April this year. 914 people (last year there were 1384 of them), most often foreigners work in construction (22%), in forestry and agriculture (22%), in trade, car and household goods repair (11%), etc.
Local residents are not afraid of labor competition from foreigners, but suspect them of criminal inclination. However, judging by criminal statistics, it should be said that this is an incorrect social stereotype. According to the information center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Karelia this year, foreign migrants committed seven crimes, which in the general mass of criminal activities in the republic amounted to only 0.2 percent. That is, public fears are clearly exaggerated. Although the same statistics record a certain increase in the number of crimes committed by foreigners: in 2009, only four such crimes fell into the statistics. The reverse proportion of criminal acts is observed in relation to foreign citizens: in 2009 there were 7 such crimes, so far 4 such crimes have been committed. That is, foreigners are less likely to encroach than they on local residents.
229 foreign citizens and stateless persons serve their sentences in the colonies of Karelia for their crimes.
However, migrants change their place of residence, not only foreigners, but also Russians living in different regions of the Russian Federation. Karelia actively grows up by people moving to us for permanent residence from the Caucasian republics. The number of the Caucasian peoples grows from year to year in the republic, which causes interethnic tension in a number of districts and cities of Karelia. According to R. Toivonen, the most “hot” points in Karelia are the Olonets region (from ourselves we add that here conflicts between local and Caucasians resulted in even fatal tragedies for the indigenous people), Kostomuksha (affects the frontier position of the city), Kondopoga (it’s more correct to say after all about the “echo” of the events of 2006, when an acute conflict between local residents and southerners led to two deaths of Kondopoga residents, and the subsequent mass pogroms against the southerners, and then a protracted criminal trial th only this year ended with sentences against Chechens, so it’s not hard to guess, the attitude towards the Caucasians in Kondopoga will long remain difficult.) And plus, in the same range, of course, Petrozavodsk and Prionezhye, where most of the migrants from the Caucasus settle, fall, naturally.
The federal migration legislation of Russia is transformed together with the challenges of life. We also talk about this with the Head of the Department of Migration of the Federal Migration Service for Karelia Roman Toivonen. In particular, he comments on the newly adopted law “On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation,” which facilitates the process of obtaining work permits for migrants from the CIS countries, with whom Russia has agreements on visa-free travel.
The new rules, according to the authors, will allow in 2011 to reduce the number of illegal migrants in Russia. According to forecasts, their number should decrease by about 1.5 million people. The process of such legalization is beneficial to all. R. Toivonen, commenting on the situation, says that the number of illegal immigrants in Karelia is already decreasing year by year, if in 2007 there were 4,500 people according to expert estimates, in the past there were already 1600 people.
During the conversation, there was a talk about a federal law providing for special conditions for entry to Russia for highly qualified foreign specialists (they include foreign citizens who receive at least 2 million rubles a year from the employer). At present, there are not many such people in Karelia & # 8212; only five invited experts working in the timber industry complex of the republic.
The migration situation in the republic is assessed by the deputy head of the department & # 8212; the head of the migration department of the FMS for Karelia Roman Toivonen.
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