Passport and citizenship of Germany.
How to get German citizenship to a Russian citizen? The answer to this question is important for residents of the Russian Federation, who chose Germany as their second homeland. For many Russians getting a German passport is not something of a fantasy field. The status of a citizen of the West European state is quite affordable for them. We will understand how to obtain German citizenship to a person born in the Russian Federation.
The native citizen of the Russian Federation to obtain citizenship in Germany is quite realistic. True, this is not so easy. First of all, the presence of grounds and the candidate’s compliance with a number of conditions are required. Without the implementation of certain rules, the German passport can not be issued.
Options for acquiring the status of a German citizen.
Currently, many foreigners live in Germany. Located in the center of the EU, the country attracts emigrants from all over the world. A significant part of visitors (including from the Russian Federation) managed to obtain German citizenship. The status of a citizen of a European power is allowed:
By naturalization. Having married with a German / German.
In addition, to become a German citizen is allowed in the presence of blood or family ties or for humanitarian reasons. The corresponding status is obtained:
Children by birth. Concerning the cases when the child: Born anywhere in the world and at least one of his parents is a German. Born in a federal republic from foreign parents. At the same time, the mother and father legally and permanently reside in Germany for at least 8 years. They also have on hand a permit for permanent residence with an unlimited period.
Underage children adopted by the Germans. Ethnic immigrants. Ethnic Germans, their spouses and children receive German passports almost immediately after moving to Germany – from 10 days to 1 month. At the same time, it is not required to renounce Russian citizenship. Persons who entered the West European country under the program of Jewish immigration. Refusal of the original citizenship does not require them. Persons without citizenship, refugees and foreigners, persecuted at home for political reasons. To obtain a German passport, these categories of citizens may be enough for 6 years in Germany.
The above five methods, for obvious reasons, are suitable only for a limited number of Russians. Therefore, let us examine in detail the most popular ways of acquiring German citizenship – naturalization and marriage.
Passport through naturalization.
On the passport of Germany has the right to apply naturalized foreigners. The main requirements, each of which is mandatory to comply with:
To live legally in the republic for at least 8 years. When passing the integration course, citizenship is allowed to be requested after 7 years. And with great success in integration (for example, active participation in the work of public organizations) – in 6 years. Accommodation on student residence permit and study at language courses in these terms is not included. Have on hand one of the documents for a stay in Germany: The indefinite right of residence (by the time of obtaining citizenship). A residence permit with a limited period. It is necessary that the document specifies the purpose of the stay, implying the possibility of staying in the country for a long time. Blue map of the European Union. Have enough money to support yourself and your loved ones without state support. That is, applicants can not receive social assistance or unemployment benefits. Exceptions: Youth up to 23 years. Persons who are unable to provide for themselves and their families without social assistance or benefits for reasons beyond their control (these are, for example, people with special health opportunities). Have a sufficient command of the national language (the level is not lower than B1 on the European scale). Knowledge of German is confirmed by an appropriate certificate or diploma.
Successfully pass the test of citizenship. During the examination, knowledge of the legal and public order, social order and local laws is checked. From the test are released: Persons who have studied in any of the schools in Germany. People suffering from physical, mental or mental illness. Persons who are exempt from testing due to age. Strictly observe the legislation of Germany (no criminal record). Recognize the free democratic system of the federal republic.
Important! Children and spouses of the main applicant are entitled to obtain citizenship, even if they have lived in the country for less than 8 years.
Key features of the citizenship exam.
The exam is conducted in the form of a test. That is, you need to choose the correct answer from several options. Applicants for the citizenship of Germany will have to reply to 33 questions within 1 hour. At least 17 answers must be correct. Themes of the tasks:
Life in a democratic society (10 questions). History and responsibility (10 questions). Man and Society (10 questions). The federal land where the examiner lives (3 questions).
As a rule, from the first time the test does not pass only 3% of applicants. The number of retries is not limited. However, for each passing the exam (first, second and subsequent) you will have to pay 25 euros.
Passport after marriage.
A wedding with a German / German will be the basis for obtaining German citizenship. Key conditions for candidates for citizen status:
Real, not fictitious, relations with a native of a Western European power. First of all, it is confirmed by common property and common life (including through checks of the authorities). But the best way to demonstrate the strength of the union will be common children or children of the applicant for citizenship, adopted by a German husband / wife / partner. The couple’s relationship officially began at least 2 years before applying for citizenship. The applicant for the status of a citizen resides in the Federal Republic of Germany legally for at least 3 years.
In addition, applicants for a German passport through marriage confirm the knowledge of the state language. They are also tested for knowledge of the legal and public order of Germany.
The basic package of documents for citizenship.
Candidates claiming the status of a German citizen file a set of certain papers. First of all, the kit includes:
A completed and signed statement. Forms can be obtained from the departments for foreigners and citizenship at the place of residence in German territory. Identification.
Confirmation of stay in the republic on legal grounds (visas, residence permit, permanent residence). Guarantees of availability of housing (a lease, a contract of sale, etc.). Financial guarantees (reference from work, bank statements, bank statements, etc.). Certificate of the level of knowledge of the German language or certificate / diploma from the educational institution, where the teaching was in German. The results of the test for citizenship, obtained after the successful passing of the exam. Certificates of non-conviction (from the Russian Federation, Germany and all countries where the applicant lived for a long time). A certificate of marriage (mandatory for citizens applying for citizenship through marriage). If necessary, documents on the dissolution of the previous marriage / marriage. Basic documents for spouses and children (identity cards, birth and marriage certificates, certificates from educational institutions, etc.). The document on withdrawal from the current citizenship. It is worth considering that in Russia the issues of withdrawal from the status of a citizen are considered within six months.
For children under 16 years of age, parents submit applications. Consideration of one petition costs 255 euros for adults and 51 euros for minors. If the petition is submitted only to the child, the full price is paid – 255 euros. In some cases, it is permitted to take advantage of benefits or payment by installments.
Each dossier is studied on average 6 months. It happens that the decision is delayed for 1 year and longer.
It is important to remember that the Germans are very pedantic. Therefore, they consider each submitted certificate in the most careful way. And any attempts to provide forged documentation will have serious consequences.
Business immigration.
Separately, it should be clarified about the possibility of obtaining citizenship by investing in the economy of a Western European power. The stages are as follows:
Investments in the amount of 350 thousand euros. Getting a residence permit for 1-3 years. Registration of permanent residence, and then – citizenship.
In this case, it is usually necessary to renounce the status of a citizen of the Russian Federation.
When possible dual citizenship.
A Russian citizen who has received a German passport through naturalization in a general procedure or through marriage is required to renounce his previous citizenship. However, there are exceptions to this rule. First of all, they concern cases when refusal restricts or violates the rights of an alien. For example:
High income taxes in the country of birth because of the German passport in hand. Restriction of the rights to own real estate in the home state. Loss of pension accruals or other social benefits at home.
In addition, dual citizenship is allowed to have:
Born in a federal republic of immigrant children. At the same time in 21 years the child decides which of the citizenships – the FRG or the country of the parents – he leaves. Exceptions are children: Growing up in Germany. Either they have, in addition to German, only the citizenship of any state of the EU or Switzerland. Refugees and persons granted political asylum. Citizens with exceptional merit before Germany.
German citizenship in numbers.
According to Eurostar, Germany more often than other European powers gives citizens citizenship. Annually, the status of a citizen in the EU states is assigned to 890-980 thousand people from third countries. About 20 thousand of them are visitors from the Russian Federation.
Most often our citizenship is provided to our compatriots by Germany. In digital terms, this is a quarter of the total number of EU passports issued to Russians. The federal republic is followed by France (15% of the issued passports) and Finland (11%).
Bonuses of German citizenship.
Among the main advantages of owning a passport of a German citizen, mention should be made of:
Accommodation in a Western European country with a high standard of living and an index of human development. Economic stability. All the conditions for creating and developing your own business. Social security, numerous benefits, credit opportunities. Affordable medicine and education. Guaranteed rights and freedoms, regardless of belonging to any social group. The right to vote and be elected.
Among other things, the citizenship of the FRG gives an opportunity to join the rich German culture, history and traditions. And plus the passport of Germany is a visa-free travel across 150 territories of the world.