Obtaining refugee status in Israel for a Ukrainian: grounds, procedure.
A refugee is a status that characterizes legal relations in the international legal sphere. Today, the main issues related to the legal status of refugees or candidates for entry into this category are regulated by several acts: the Geneva and Dublin Conventions. The latter is aimed at the realization of the right of refugees who have already received asylum on the receiving side. A country providing asylum to foreigners develops a program for which all needy people receive help. The main reasons for the recent resettlement are political (military conflicts, change of power, etc.) Today, the refugee status in Israel for a Ukrainian is a way to leave the country in search of a better life.
Residents of Ukraine, especially from the eastern regions, seek asylum all over the world. Israel is one of the favorites in the list of countries chosen for relocation for the time of political instability in their native republic. Also attracting Ukrainians are neighboring Poland, Russia, as well as Germany and the countries of the North American continent.
Israel has established a special procedure by which a person can obtain refugee status and stay for a certain period in the country.
Application for recognition as a refugee in the State of Israel.
The relevant request is submitted by a foreign citizen or stateless person to the Department for Refugees – one of the interdepartmental commissions of Israel.
When applying, a person presents a package of documents:
request in writing; photos (passport format); the document proving the identity; confirmation of the appeal to the United Nations regarding the receipt of status.
The commission considers an application submitted by an alien for up to one year. All this time Ukrainians are allowed to be in Israel. A person has in 2018 the right to legal support during the preparation of documents. As a rule, the body makes a positive decision, but the delay often threatens to reject the petition of the person. Appeals from citizens of hostile countries (in 2018 there are nine of them) may not be accepted at all, but Ukraine is not among them.
The next stage involves the registration of a foreign citizen, his identification and the initial interview. Communication should occur only in the language that the foreigner is fluent in and who is native to him (Ukrainian or Russian). Accordingly, an interpreter may be needed, although often is an employee who owns a candidate’s native language. Citizens who pass the interview sometimes come with a lawyer, which in 2018 is not prohibited by law.
Advisory commission.
After all the checks and conversations are conducted, the personal file is transferred to the advisory commission for consideration. The law on entry to the territory of the country presupposes the issuance of a temporary visa, which does not give the right to carry out labor activity, for the entire waiting time of the final decision.
Recognition during the initial inspection of the Refugee Status Department by a foreign citizen or a stateless person who does not meet any requirements of the Geneva Convention allows the commission to automatically reject a request without even considering it. This decision is then forwarded to the department manager. Based on his decision, a foreigner must leave Israel in the near future.
The negative response of the commission in 2018 presupposes the possibility of a candidate for refugee status to receive legal assistance and appeal to the court with an appeal against the decision of the department (within three days of acquaintance with him).
A candidate will receive a single refusal if he was previously convicted for serious crimes against the person, property, as well as forging documents. These include other violations that can be qualified under Israeli law.
Repeated submission of the request.
Within 14 days after receiving a refusal for a foreign citizen, it remains the right to apply again to the Refugee Status Department. But this becomes possible if the obstacles encountered in the transmission of the previous petition have been eliminated.
Extension of the issued visa.
A refugee after formal registration of his status receives residence permit 5 (alef) for a year. The Israeli visa for Ukrainians is extended for 24 months, then for another 36. The expiration of all these terms requires a further meeting of the commission for further prolongation.
A Ukrainian, who has already received an Aleph-5 visa, can apply to the committee for registration of refugee status with close relatives.
Proving the need for status.
The hardest thing in Israel is to prove its real right to asylum abroad. Specifically, for Ukrainians will have to specify when the persecution began, the persecution, in what form they appear, indicating specific dates, names or organizations, entities.
The appeal for help to law enforcement bodies, the fact of its rejection, ignoring must be reflected. Thus, an integral picture should be drawn up, why a citizen needed to move to Israel as a refugee in 2018.