Obtaining refugee status in Canada: why does Canada accept refugees?
Obtaining refugee status in Canada: why does Canada accept refugees?
A refugee status applicant in Canada must first become familiar with the asylum process in Canada before requesting a status.
Refugees and people who need protection (Protected Persons) can be considered people who are afraid of returning to their country of origin or permanent residence. Submit documents for permanent residence in Canada, as a refugee, you can both from other countries, and already being in Canada.
In 2005, Canada plans to support more than 30,000 refugees. To be eligible to come to Canada as a refugee, a person should not have any other choice within a reasonable amount of time. The Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration of Canada must be sure that this person does not have the opportunity to return home, to his country of origin or usual residence, or to stay in a country where he has already been granted asylum. First, CIC will try to find another country that can provide asylum. If a person has been selected as a potential refugee, then he will be tested on medical issues, as well as security issues and the existence of a criminal past. People selected as refugees should show that they will eventually be able to independently establish themselves in Canada.
In accordance with the humanitarian tradition and international obligations, Canada provides protection to people who have reasonable fears of persecution, as well as the risk of being subjected to torture, or cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.
The refugee protection system in Canada consists of two main components:
The Humanitarian Refugee Resettlement Program is for people seeking protection outside Canada. The Refugee Protection Process is for people applying for protection from within the country.
1. The program of humanitarian resettlement of refugees.
Canada has many programs to help refugees from abroad migrate and settle in Canada. These are both government programs and private grants that allow organizations and private groups to help under similar circumstances get support in Canada.
The Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration of Canada identifies three classes of refugees accepted by Canada under the Humanitarian Resettlement Program:
Refugees applying from a foreign country (Convention Refugees Abroad Class)
This class includes people who are outside the country of their citizenship or usual place of residence.
Refugees in this class have well-founded fears of persecution for reasons of: race; religion; political opinion; nationality; membership in a particular social group.
Refugees passing through this class are eligible for government aid or may receive private sponsorship.
Refugees applying from the country of temporary asylum (Country of Asylum Class)
This class includes people who are outside the country of their citizenship or usual place of residence.
Refugees in this class can be considered to be people who are seriously and personally affected:
Civil war, armed conflict, widespread violations of human rights.
Refugees passing through this class must be sponsored privately or have adequate financial means to support themselves and their families.
Refugees applying from their country of origin (Source Country Class)
This class includes people who fall under the definition of the Convention on the Status of Refugees, but they are still in the country of their citizenship or habitual residence.
This class also includes people who have been detained or imprisoned and suffer severe restrictions on:
the rights of freedom of expression of the right of dissent in the right to participate in the activities of the trade union.
For this class can only pass citizens from certain countries on a special list.
Refugees passing through this class are eligible for government aid or may receive private sponsorship.
The agreement on the reception of refugees in the territory of Quebec (Canada-Quebec Accord)
Quebec has the right to choose refugees who are going to settle in Quebec. The federal government is responsible for the fact that people selected by Quebec are indeed eligible for refugee status, as well as for the existence of all payments, confirming documents and procedures established before the receipt of the refugee status, prior to obtaining a visa.
2. The Refugee Protection Process.
For people applying for protection from within, Canada can provide support to people falling under the definition of the Refugee Convention if they are already in Canada. In such a case, the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration accepts the application directly at its office in Canada (if it recognizes the applicant as eligible) on the basis of the applicant’s fear of returning home.
There is a list of groups of people who can not apply for refugee status from within:
people who have already been recognized as refugees by another country People who have already received protection under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act people who arrived in Canada, directly or indirectly, from a country (other than the country of origin or habitual residence) that signed the Immigration Protection Act and Refugees are people who have been found to be inadmissible for their security in Canada, their previous violations of their human rights, the existence of a serious criminal past or involvement in an organized estupnost people who have applied for refugee status from within Canada, but whose application was not considered appropriate for this program are people whose previous application has been withdrawn or rejected financial aid and loans to refugees.
The Canadian government has several programs that help refugees to resettle and settle in Canada.
Resettlement Support Program.
This assistance is provided according to the Convention on the Status of Refugees and members of the Humanitarian Organization of People in need of Protection who are admitted by the Government of Canada to work with refugees.
This program provides:
Meeting refugees at the airport or port Providing temporary accommodation, if necessary, assisting in finding a permanent arrangement of the basic means of the household financial orientation Ensuring the confidence that the refugee will always be able to access help if necessary.
This money can also be used to support the income of a refugee for up to one year or until it becomes independent.
The Program of Granting Loans to Immigrants.
This program is sponsored by the Federal Government. Loans are given according to the applicant’s needs and his ability to repay the funds received.
These funds can be used to recover costs for:
medical examination abroad registration of documents necessary for moving a trip to Canada to pay a fee for obtaining the right to permanent residence.
Temporary Federal Health Program.
This program guarantees urgent and substantial medical care for needy applicants for refugee status and those refugees in Canada who are not yet part of the health care system in their province.
United Sponsorship.
Special support programs for refugees also exist in cooperation with the Federal Government and voluntary groups (non-governmental organizations) that provide long-term support to specific refugee groups and their families, for example, under the “Women in Dangers” program.
Under this program, the government provides financial, and private sponsors – moral and emotional support. Joint sponsorship can last up to two (in exceptional cases, up to three) years.
Groups that can get support for this program are:
“Women in Danger” victims of trauma or torture large families people who stay in refugee camps for a long period people who need support for medical reasons.
Private Sponsorship.
Sponsors of refugees can be citizens of Canada or its permanent residents aged 18 and over. The sponsor may be a private person, a group of persons (from 5 people) or an organization that undertakes to support a refugee for up to 1 year from the date of arrival of the refugee in Canada. This support can be expressed in helping and settling on the spot, providing clothing and food. In some cases, the sponsorship period can be extended to 36 months.
There are various types of private sponsorship.
To become a refugee sponsor, you must apply to the local immigration committee. If you yourself have not chosen or named the refugee you would like to sponsor – the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration of Canada can offer you a candidate.
Refugees in Canada can be considered to be those and only those who were persecuted in their country for one of five reasons: racial, religious, ethnic, political, belonging to the social minority. To be accepted as a refugee, you need to convincingly prove that you and your family fall into one of these definitions. In other words, if you are being pursued by the mafia, or if you think that you are being prosecuted on a national basis, or you do not want to serve in the army, or are being persecuted for homosexual reasons – all this is not a basis for obtaining refugee status in Canada, they did not prove that it is officially forbidden in your state or you are officially persecuted on this grounds.
Do not trust the promises of unscrupulous individuals and organizations for a certain amount of time to quickly help you get your refugee status. Getting this status is a long process, primarily related to long communication in courts and official instances.
Canada is a country of immigrants!
Paterton Office in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Client from Kiev whom we helped with immigration to Germany.