Life in Zimbabwe.
The African Republic of Zimbabwe is located in the southern part of the mainland. It is located between two rivers & # 8212; Limpopo and the Zambezi. In the south, the country borders with South Africa, in the east with Mozambique, the western border with Botswana, and the northern border with Zambia. A large part of the population & # 8212; this is the Shona nationality, which is a direct descendant of the ancient gencomer family. The area occupied is 390.6 thousand km2. The capital is the city of Harare with a population of almost 2,000,000. The national currency in Zimbabwe is a local dollar whose course is in limbo.
Location of the African Republic of Zimbabwe on the map.
Population of the country.
As mentioned at the beginning of the article, most of the country’s population belongs to the indigenous Shona people. In percentage terms, their number is 83%, just over 15% of the population belongs to the Nde-Bele tribe. The remaining 3% fall on whites and other Africans. The ratio of the black and white population of the country has significantly increased after the events of 1980, when the British colony of Zimbabwe – Rhodesia ceased to exist, and the new Republic of Zimbabwe appeared instead.
Useful! It was in this year that a radical ZANU party headed by Robert Mugabe came to power. These events served as the beginning of the outflow of Europeans from the country.
Over the past 36 years since that time, the population of the state has increased by 52%. At the same time, the population growth rate is considered to be slow, as there is a very high mortality rate in the country. According to official statistics, about 250,000 people die in a year. And the percentage of people infected with the AIDS virus has already reached 20% of the total. The ratio of men and women in Zimbabwe is almost the same: 50.5% to 49.5% in favor of the weaker sex. In addition to the above, you can see that every fourth citizen of the Republic has AIDS, and the government has no money for the prevention and treatment of the virus. Therefore, the disease is significantly progressing and the number of infected people is constantly increasing.
Economy of Zimbabwe.
Only 20 years ago, life in Zimbabwe was stable and prosperous, the national dollar of the Republic was considered a hard currency, and the population had a good, stable salary, but since 1999 the country’s economy has fallen into a deep crisis that is continuing at the moment. All industries have significantly reduced their performance indicators. In the following 2000, they fell by another 4.3%, in 2001 – by 7.2% and so on. And as a result, the depreciation of local money in the world market.
This video tells a story about the financial crisis in Zimbabwe.
As of 2008, inflation in Zimbabwe is a world record equal to 231,000,000% (according to official figures).
The magnitude is not considered wrong, in fact, the state’s economy is in a very deplorable state. The unemployment rate, at the end of 2016, is 80%. At the same time, a third of the indigenous population left the country.
The economic crisis in Zimbabwe has been negatively reflected in all spheres of business. The following industries fell into decline:
Agriculture; textile production; mining industry, metallurgical enterprises; production of products.
At the same time, the foreign trade turnover of the country is surely falling, but at the moment are in critical condition.
Monetary unit of Zimbabwe.
Separately, we can say about the country’s money. The national dollar in Zimbabwe was abolished and withdrawn from circulation on 04.04.2009. In January of the same year, the circulation in the Republic of foreign currency was legalized. This was the deep failure of the local monetary unit in the world market. A year before the national dollar in Zimbabwe ceased to exist, the inflation rate in the country reached such proportions that banknotes with a face value of 25,000,000 depreciated.
In this video, see the new national currency of Zimbabwe.
Interesting! Director of the Reserve Bank of the Republic in 2009, was awarded the “Shnobel Prize in Mathematics”. This was his unforced instruction of citizens of the country to this science, by issuing banknotes in nominal value from 1 cents to 100 trillion dollars.
Education.
Adult men and women in Zimbabwe have a good level of education. This is due to the fact that right up to the beginning of the 90s of the last century literacy of the population of the Republic was considered the highest on the continent, 91% could read and write, this is the absolute record of Africa. But since 1995, this indicator is significantly reduced, and a similar situation occurs in almost all countries of the continent.
Secondary education in Zimbabwe consists of 7 elementary school classes, 4 middle classes and 2 senior classes. After the completion of the school course, the graduate has the right to admission to a higher educational institution, local or foreign, this is already dependent on the financial condition of his parents. The academic year in the country begins in January, and ends in mid-December, broken down into 3 semesters. At the same time, state examinations are supervised by the Examination Council of schools of the Republic and are surrendered mainly at the end of November.
At the moment, in Zimbabwe’s education system there are only 8 universities in which young people can get higher education. Among them there are 2 state institutions, and the rest are commercial ones. By secondary education, we can say that the range of choice is a bit broader: as many as 10 colleges. People who have money to train send their children to European institutions, and those who can not pay large sums are educated at home.
Labor market.
Due to the fact that the national dollar in Zimbabwe has practically depreciated over the past few years, and since 2009 it was completely withdrawn from circulation, it is quite difficult to find work in the Republic. According to statistics, only 6% of the country’s population are officially employed citizens, of whose wages, income tax is deducted in favor of the state treasury.
But, despite this, for Russians, work in Zimbabwe can be found. This is due to the fact that a small number of specialists are employed in the medical care of the Republic. Although, to fully service the multi-million population of the country requires much more. This is due to the fact that the government is not able to pay high wages to professionals in its business, corresponding to European standards.
Only with employment through the humanitarian corporation “Doctors Without Borders” can you find a suitable position with a good salary. Thus, permanent work in Zimbabwe, for foreign citizens and the local population is considered some luxury.
Nationality of the Republic of Zimbabwe.
If an infant was born on the territory of the Republic, this does not mean that he becomes a full citizen. The procedure for obtaining citizenship in the country is considered somewhat protracted. This is due to the fact that according to the legislation regulating the procedure for immigration and citizenship, the newborn must meet the following requirements: the father or mother of the child must be a citizen of the Republic by nationality (at least one member of the family).
This is the passport of a citizen of Zimbabwe.
There are other ways in which a newborn can automatically acquire citizenship in Zimbabwe. To do this, it must meet several conditions of this selection:
A minor child who has been adopted or adopted by citizens of the Republic obtains the status according to the registration procedure at the place of residence. Infants born abroad are registered by the Embassy or the Consulate General of the Republic on the written application of the parents.
The information mentioned above refers to minors born in or outside the country.
Information for Russians.
To date, Zimbabwe looks with hope at foreign tourists. This is due to the fact that the national dollar in Zimbabwe is in the process of revival. The fact is that Russian citizens can provide real support to the local economy. This is due to the increasing popularity of the African direction, which every year is gaining increasing recognition. To increase the interest on the part of Russians, the government of the two countries organizes specialized exhibitions and presentations aimed at attracting foreign tourists.
Useful! To increase the influx of domestic tourists in 2017, it is planned to introduce a direct flight, the Moscow-Harare route. And the visa issue is practically solved at the moment. For Russians permission is issued directly at the airport upon arrival.
This is the airport in the capital of Zimbabwe-Harare.
The Republic of Zimbabwe for many Russians can become a new country, attracting its natural beauty and independence. Understanding people are able to really appreciate the beauty of wildlife, without looking back at the political instability of the state and the decline of the local economy.
It seems to me alone that in 20 years Zimbabwe will be a prosperous country, and we will move to the dugouts in the Russian Federation?
Yes, it seems so to you alone.
To fly? Well, if only for the sake of getting some kind of disease.