Immigration to Italy. First – the case in Italy, then Italy – in the case.
In advertisements devoted to immigration to Italy, the expressions “business immigration” and “immigration for labor motives” are often found. But after all, businessmen are also working people. So what’s the difference?
Igor Igumnov, St. Petersburg.
The Italian legislation provides for 4 basic options that give the alien the right to stay in the country for an unlimited period, as well as to apply for citizenship. Among them, two are of greatest interest to Russians. The first is “wage work”, if there is a working contract with an indefinite term of completion. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to find an Italian employer who has the right to hire a foreign labor force and is ready to sign such a contract with you, it is almost impossible. At least because Italians will probably take someone from Albanians or Moroccans who are already in Italy, than they will mess with the Russian contender for a job.
Therefore, most often Russians go the other way: they get the right to enter the country on the basis of “independent work of an insubordinate nature” – in their own company. This option is often called “business immigration.” And although legally this term is not entirely accurate, the essence really comes down to the creation and registration in Italy of the so-called S.r.l type company. (analogue of a limited liability company) and obtaining the right to independent activity on the territory of the country.
As a rule, such a company is new, and at the same time completely belongs to one founder: third parties neither as directors, nor as founders in it do not appear. The minimum authorized capital required by the company type S.r.l. is 20 million lire (about $ 9,000). At the same time, the company does not need to open an administrative office, but it will have to acquire a really functioning legal address.
An important feature of the Italian legislation is that it does not impose any special requirements on the newly established company. It does not matter what is its annual turnover, what is the amount of taxes paid, how many employees work in it. It is not even necessary to prove annually that the company is successfully operating. The success of business is a personal matter for a businessman, the amount of tax deductions is the area of his relations with tax authorities, but not with immigration authorities. The latter put forward the only condition: to be law-abiding in all respects.
Another important legislative feature of Italy is that the head of a new firm has the right to work not only in his own, but in any other company, that is, he has access to the labor market.
Once a year, the management of the company type S.r.l. must submit a balance sheet. However, reports on certain types of taxes are provided quarterly or even monthly. Without going into details, let’s say that the main taxes are: value added tax (IVA), IRPEG corporate tax (this 37 percent tax is levied on the net profit of the company after deducting all admissible costs), a special IRAP tax (which is also calculated from net profit and very much like the income tax that exists in many countries) and the tax on dividends (at the moment it does not have a firm rate due to changes in Italian law). In general, the Italian tax system is very complicated and only specialists can really understand it. But one thing is certain: the overall tax rate in Italy is lower than in neighboring Germany, France, Switzerland and even more so than in the Scandinavian countries.
Now, about what the foreigner will receive, in our case – a Russian who has entered Italy for independent work. First of all, he and his family receive a residence permit and residence of the Republic of Italy with the rights almost identical to the rights of citizens: to work and do business not only in Italy but also in the European Union for an unlimited period, for free medical care, for education , on social and pensions and many other rights. The laws of Italy do not prohibit dual citizenship, do not require immigrants to have an absolute knowledge of Italian language, do not restrict immigrants in choosing their place of residence – the holders of a residence permit in Italy can live both in Italy and in any EU country. Naturally, the status of a resident of Italy allows an alien to move freely within the Schengen area, and also without visas to enter several dozen other states of the world.
Finally, one more important circumstance. A new resident of the country, the first time buying housing in Italy, can expect a long-term mortgage loan of up to 90% of the cost of housing.
Add to this the fact that the registration of an immigration visa at the Italian Embassy does not require an interview, passing a language exam and even providing a certificate of loyalty – that is, there are no serious problems with Russian legislation in the past. The main thing is to prove to the Italian side that you have the appropriate qualifications to manage the newly created business and the necessary amount to initiate it. And its size is such that it becomes immediately clear: Italy is open not only for “millionaires”, but also for middle-class entrepreneurs – with a good head, clean hands and healthy ambition.