Internet magazine about immigration and life in Canada.
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The Ukrainian diaspora in Canada is 120 years old.
Mariana March 16, 2016 14:52.
The Ukrainian diaspora in Canada is 120 years old.
Canada is a country of immigrants. The presence of citizens of different nationalities here does not surprise anyone. You can find anyone here, but there are not so many immigrant diasporas.
One of the oldest and most organized immigration communities in the world is called the Ukrainian community in Canada. In 2011, she marked 120 years since the beginning of its formation.
The first Ukrainian immigrants arrived massively to the Canadian port of Halifax some 120 years ago. Actually, now the Ukrainian immigration has four waves. And the first, which occurred in the late 19th century can be attributed to immigration economic.
Photo: Chief Archives of Canada.
It was connected with the lack of land in Western Ukraine, which forced families to live extremely poorly and caused a passionate desire to change the situation. A huge number of emigration offices have become a kind of impetus for Ukrainian immigrants. And Canada was attracted by the fact that it provided an opportunity for social adaptation and, most importantly, gave land for use. That’s what the first settlers looked like.
Photo: Shevchenko Museum in Ontario.
Between the First and Second World Wars, the second wave of Ukrainian immigration swept. Its historians are called political; it was held mainly from those Ukrainian lands that were part of Poland, as well as from Transcarpathia.
Photo: Shevchenko Museum in Ontario.
The third wave – the most massive and began after the end of World War II. As a rule, the inhabitants of Ukrainian western lands became immigrants again, who did not want to remain on the territory of the Soviet state. This wave united Ukrainians from the territory of Galicia, Soviet Ukraine and also Ukrainians living in Europe.
Photo: Ukrainian festival in Toronto in 1945 from the Archives of Canada.
The fourth wave began with the fall of the USSR. And here you can already talk about the mass resettlement of citizens of all Ukraine, and not only of its western lands. This wave is called economic, since the settlers wanted stability and better living conditions, as well as new prospects for their children.
The largest Ukrainian provinces in Canada are Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. It is in them that the main population of the Ukrainian diaspora resides. I really hope that we will be able to make a direct report from the Ukrainian Alberta and talk about how the Ukrainians live there today. Only I will say that the head of the province is the state. Stelmakh, and there are many Ukrainian schools and splits in the province.
Ukrainians in Canada are known not only for the famous vareniki, but here they are called pierogies (pies), but also for the role played by the Ukrainian diaspora in Canada’s economy and politics.
On the day of the 20th anniversary of Independence of Ukraine, the 120th anniversary of the Ukrainian diaspora in Canada can be called symbolic. By the way, thanks to the Ukrainian diaspora, Canada was the first to recognize an independent Ukraine as a state. It is interesting that a Ukrainian of Canadian origin Erast Gutsulyak bought and presented Ukraine the first premises of the Ukrainian embassy in Canada, located in Ottawa.
In Montreal, the Ukrainian diaspora is small, but its history already totals more than 100 years. Many organizations, several Sunday Ukrainian schools and Ukrainian churches are located today in Montreal and its suburbs. This is discussed in more detail in the next posts.
I am writing about the dates of the official website of the Ukrainians in Canada, for the zombie about helping people.
I, the head of the family, can be useful in very different spheres: from manual work (physical) to making up and supporting sites.