How to cross the border with China
China renamed the islands.
Russia and China formally decided on the border issue. In Beijing, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi signed a protocol on the demarcation of the border between Russia and China on the Amur River. China received the island of Tarabarov and half of Bolshoi Ussuriysky Island, the total area of the territories was 174 square meters. km.
“After the signing of the treaty, Sergei Lavrov spoke for a long time about the fact that Russia does not lose any territories under the treaty, since there was no legally recognized border on this site,” Kommersant notes.
The newspaper recalls that the first full-fledged treaty on the border between China and the Russian Empire was signed in Beijing in 1860. New negotiations on the demarcation of the state border began only in 1964, but were interrupted because of the Chinese troops attacking Damansky Island. Then, only in 1991 an agreement on the eastern section of the border was signed in Moscow, and in 1997 the demarcation works were almost completed. The controversial site was still a piece of the water area of the Amur River.
“Moscow took a principled decision about the fate of these territories only in 2004. At that time, relations between Russia and the West began to deteriorate rapidly, and as a counterweight to this, Moscow began to intensify its ties with Beijing,” the newspaper explains the actions of the Russian authorities.
Now, in the opinion of the Russian side, the issue of “disputed territories” has been finally solved: “According to Colonel-General Valery Putov, the head of the regional frontier department of the Federal Security Service of Russia for the Far East Federal District, the border guards will take new frontiers in August, so the final transfer of territories will become a kind of gift to Olympics “, – writes Kommersant.
A unambiguous assessment of the event is not given either in Russia or in China. In the Far East of the Russian Federation there are many opponents of the transfer of islands: “In particular, in 2004 the deputies of the Khabarovsk Territory Duma asked the State Duma and the Federation Council not to ratify these agreements in any case.” The defenders of the islands referred to the fact that an important fortification is located on the Great Ussuriysk. In the event of an attack by the PRC, the enemy should be kept at Khabarovsk within 45 minutes, “the newspaper notes.
In China, citizens are also unhappy with the agreement – they believe that Moscow has returned to China not all the “originally Chinese” territories. “As a result of Russian aggression, we lost almost 20% of the territory and our cities like Vladivostok,” one of the visitors to Chinese Internet forums wrote to Kommersant, “Now Russia is our partner, but the issue with the border is not yet closed to us.”
“Izvestia” confidently write about the point put in the demarcation of the Russian-Chinese border. “Russia had to compromise,” the newspaper believes, “in particular, the Tarabarov Island and half of the Great Ussuri Island are located in China.”
The newspaper notes the success of Russian diplomacy: “By the way, we managed to achieve the fact that half of the Big Ussuriysk is exactly where Khabarovsk dacha’s dachas are located.” There is a proposal of the governor of the Khabarovsk Territory on the joint use of this land – the construction of a customs crossing here, – they write Izvestia.
Although the event, in the opinion of the publication, caused a lot of questions: “The talks were closely followed by the Japanese, but they got the answer: they are river, onshore islands – not marine ones, which means” the Chinese precedent “has nothing to do with the rocky Southern Kuriles,” the newspaper concludes.
“Vremya Novostei” especially notes that the transfer of islands will contribute to the development and deepening of strategic partnership with China. Sergei Lavrov noted this at a meeting with Chinese President Hu Jintao. Last week, the Russian president unveiled the concept of the country’s foreign policy, which aims to build up a strategic partnership with the PRC “on the basis of the coincidence of principled approaches to key issues of world politics.”
“A big resonance in the West was caused by the joint veto between Russia and the PRC imposed on the draft resolution on Zimbabwe on July 11. It was developed by the United States and Great Britain and proposed imposing sanctions against Harare as punishment for dishonest elections and repression of the opposition.” Moscow and Beijing explained that the Security Council should not speak on issues that do not pose a threat to international stability and security, and the same explanation was given in January 2007 to the Russian-Chinese veto on the draft resolution on Myanmar, stop repressions and release political prisoners “- the newspaper said.
Mikhail Leontiev, the editor-in-chief of the “Profile” magazine, also stresses the importance of settling the territorial dispute with China: “The compromise has finally been achieved.” Initially, the Chinese claimed all these islands, but ultimately lost. divided in half, and thanks to the division of the Great Ussuri island our border with China does not go directly to Khabarovsk, “the author believes.
“Now we do not have an alternative to fraternal friendship with China,” he continues, “China is the world’s largest economic power, but how can we build partnerships with it if we do not even resolve territorial disputes? Or do we want to have China was a constant conflict, there is one country in the world that is always trying to achieve it, its name is known by three letters, and Russian opponents of the agreement can be unequivocally considered demagogues and politicians, “concludes the political scientist.
“The newspaper” lamented that now the island of Tarabarov will be called “Yinlundao”, which means “Silver Dragon Island” in Chinese, and the western half of the Great Ussuriysk will receive the Chinese name “Heisyatsidao” – “Black Bear Island”.
Although for Russians there are certain advantages – after signing the protocol, Lavrov announced negotiations between Russia and China on new visa allowances. “Negotiations are under way on an agreement that will ensure the expansion of the category of persons enjoying the right to visa-free travel, including holders of diplomatic and service passports, as well as representatives of the business community,” the newspaper quoted Gazeta as saying.
Millions on the songs.
“Eurovision-2009” will be held in Moscow. “Komsomolskaya Pravda” notes that this will happen due to the success of Dima Bilan. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said at a government meeting that the festival should be held in the capital: “Given the level of preparation of facilities in Moscow, the development of infrastructure and the ability to minimize costs, the Eurovision 2009 contest will be held in Moscow,” this quotation “KP”.
The Eurovision organization is entrusted to Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Zhukov, who is also responsible for the Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. According to Zhukov, most likely, the main venue of the contest will be the sports complex “Olympic”, capable of hosting up to 25 thousand spectators. The final concert will be held on May 16.
The financial publication Vedomosti first of all considers money: “To earn millions on songs”, in a material under such heading the newspaper wrote about the dispute between Moscow and St. Petersburg for the right to host the contest.
In both cities there are suitable indoor arenas – the “Olympic” and the Ice Palace. But in Moscow, as it turned out, the competition will be much easier to organize: “The decision that the contest will be held in Moscow was largely influenced by the First Channel, which will be responsible for the organization of the Eurovision broadcast in 2009,” the newspaper writes. .
“Belgrade has not yet calculated the incomes from Eurovision-2008,” Vedomosti continues to read. “200,000 tickets were sold for all the events of the competition, of which 16,000 were for the final concert, tourists paid for rooms in hotels from 80 to 500 euros, for a ticket to the dress rehearsal – 6 euros, and for the final – about 20 euros. ”
So our fans will have a hard time – the price in budget hotels around the All-Russian Exhibition Center starts from 100 euros, in addition, the hotels tend to increase it for the time of major events at times: they did so during the St. Petersburg Economic Forum and the Champions League final in Moscow.
“500 drachmas and a monument in full growth”
“Izvestia” considers the future incomes of the Russian Olympians: “In the coming days, a decree must be issued from the office of Vladimir Putin, which can significantly increase the attractiveness of the Beijing Olympics medals.” Leonid Tyagachev, President of the Russian Olympic Committee, and Vitaly Mutko, the Minister of Sport, expect the Prime Minister to sign a document that provides for a noticeable increase in premiums for the Olympic awards. ”
Although athletes will receive money not only from the state treasury: The medalists intend to encourage the leaders of the regions and a number of sports federations.
In Beijing, the Russian team will fight with the teams of the United States and China for a place in the top three of the unofficial team standings. “But most importantly, we would like to win at least one gold more than the hosts of the Olympics,” Leonid Tyagachev, president of the Russian Olympic Committee, told Izvestiya. And he said that together with the Minister of Sports Vitaly Mutko, he prepared proposals for a new head of government on a significant increase in premiums.
“The question has long been ripe, the current amount of compensation has not changed since 1996. But if 12 years ago for 50 thousand dollars, the Olympic champion of Atlanta could buy a one-room apartment in Moscow, but now the amount may not be enough for a good car,” Tyagachev said.
The governors of Russian regions also find opportunities to encourage their athletes. The head of the Volgograd region, Nikolay Maksyuta, set the size of premiums for the winners and winners of the 2008 Olympics – to the champion of 1.9 million rubles, silver and bronze medalists will receive less by 200 and 400 thousand. A million rubles will be paid to winners from the Altai Territory, Chelyabinsk and Samara Regions.
“By the way, the winners of the ancient Olympics enjoyed great privileges in Ancient Greece.” Chronicles assert that from around 500 BC the champions were paid 500 drachmas (this was a fortune), they cut out a marble monument in their homeland in full growth, and also until the end of the days they were fed free of charge in public canteens and allowed to the front rows of theaters, “Izvestia conducted a brief eccentric event in history.
In different countries, differently refer to the payment of bonuses to athletes. Sweden and Norway do not pay crowns to their Olympians, believing that getting into the national team is a great honor for every Scandinavian. The US Olympic Committee has not changed the amount of remuneration since 1984 (24, 15 and 10 thousand dollars for 1, 2 and 3 places respectively – OK). “But after the triumph, many American champions get favorable advertising contracts and then can comfortably live on bonuses,” the newspaper said.
At the other extreme is China: “The desire to win the home Olympics forced the leadership of the Celestial Empire to promise every million dollar Olympiad.” In addition to the state award, the Armenian National Olympic Committee promised its gold medalists a fantastic prize of 700 thousand dollars for the mountainous country. ”
The review was prepared by Olga Karaulova, BBC Monitoring Service.
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How to cross the border with China