How do Ukrainians go to work in Georgia.
How do Ukrainians go to work in Georgia.
Georgia is a beautiful country with a rich history and friendly attitude towards Ukrainians. Undoubtedly, it does not offer ultra-high wages to labor migrants, but work in Georgia can bring many positive emotions.
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Georgia surprises with its unique atmosphere. Foreigners are attracted by the affability of local residents, delicious national cuisine, wonderful resorts and a rich cultural heritage.
As a rule, foreigners go to Georgia as tourists, but some people decide to stay here longer. Some start their own business, others enter local universities. But the easiest way to stay in Georgia is to find a job. Although the level of remuneration is not the highest, some professions bring quite a lot of money. For example, well earned financiers and builders.
In many respects, in terms of the economic system, Georgia resembles the pre-crisis Ukraine. Its economy is gradually recovering, but foreign investors are not as optimistic as before the global crisis. Another serious problem for Georgia lies in its dependence on imports, primarily energy resources.
However, the local government continues to implement reforms. In particular, the authorities are fighting corruption, liberalizing the tax system and improving labor legislation.
Demand for labor migrants exists in many spheres of Georgia’s economy – the agrarian sector, textile production, trade, logistics, construction, tourism and some other areas.
Let’s take a closer look at the specifics of job search in Georgia for Ukrainians.
Features of employment in Georgia.
At the moment the population of Georgia is 3.7 million people. According to the latest census, the most significant ethnic groups in the country are Georgians (86.8%), Azerbaijanis (6.3%) Armenians (4.5%) and Russians (0.7%). Ukrainians in Georgia there are only 0.2% of the total number of residents. The official religion in the country is Orthodoxy, which is practiced by about 84% of the inhabitants. On the second place is Islam (10%).
The structure of the Georgian economy is dominated by the services sector, which accounts for 68% of GDP. Next are industry (22%) and the agrarian sector (10%). Many residents of Georgia are engaged in growing citrus and grapes. For them, such activities are the main source of income.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, unemployment in Georgia now stands at around 12%. Among young people this figure is 32%. For the younger generation, the situation on the labor market looks very disappointing: almost half of the citizens aged 20 to 34 do not have official work.
True, this does not mean that people are sitting around. As in Ukraine, Georgia has a significant share of the economy in the informal sector. However, problems with employment here exist, so getting a job is not as easy as it might seem at first glance.
Nevertheless, Georgia gives labor migrants a big bonus: residents of more than 100 states, including Ukraine, can visit the territory of Georgia without visas and stay in the country for up to 1 year. This period of time is enough to find a job, but you should pay attention to the fact that official employment involves the passage of certain procedures.
To carry out professional activities in Georgia, it is necessary to obtain a long-term immigration visa D1 or D2. After arriving in the country, a foreign worker needs to obtain a residence permit with the right to work. This document is issued for a period of 6 to 12 months, after which it can be extended to 5 years.
To obtain the right to work and stay in Georgia, you must provide the following documents:
application of the established form; a copy of the passport; two color photos size 3×4 cm; proof of legal employment (labor contract); a copy of the document confirming the legality of stay in Georgia (visa D1 or D2); receipt for payment of administrative services.
Issuance of permits to labor migrants is handled by the Civil Service Development Agency, which works under the supervision of the Ministry of Justice of Georgia.
Available vacancies and salary level.
The average salary in Georgia in early 2017 was 1066 Georgian lari a month (about 420 dollars). Interestingly, men get about $ 160 more than women. In the Georgian labor legislation there is no such thing as a minimum wage. The rate of income tax in the country is 20%.
Most of all employees are paid in the capital of Georgia – Tbilisi. People get quite high salaries in the Autonomous Republic of Adjara and the administrative border of Mtskheta-Mtianeti. In these regions, the average salary is about 500-600 dollars. The situation is worse with the incomes in Kakheti and Shide-Kartli.
Read also: 14 places in the world where you will be paid if you move there to live.
Here is the situation with salaries in Georgia in different spheres of activity:
education – 240 dollars; hotel and restaurant business – 265 dollars; agriculture – 270 dollars; production – 370 dollars; trade – 405 dollars; state service – 495 dollars; extraction of minerals – 540 dollars; transport industry – 550 dollars; real estate transactions – 560 dollars; construction – 670 dollars; financial and banking sector – 825 dollars.
First of all, Ukrainians have a reason to look for work in construction, financial sector, manufacturing and IT sphere.
In addition, the data of the Georgian Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Protection indicate that there is a shortage of electricians, mechanics, accountants, cooks, pharmacists, sales managers, and certain categories of drivers in the local labor market.
Where to look for work.
Sociological studies show that about 40% of the inhabitants of Georgia speak English. In addition, most local residents know Russian well. However, this does not mean that it is easy to find a Russian job in the country. A big plus is the knowledge of Georgian and English. Also the advantage will be the availability of higher education, experience and rare skills.
Now Georgia has a very flexible and modern labor legislation. This country does not put forward specific requirements for labor migrants and does not impose restrictions on them.
To find a job in Georgia, you need to monitor online sources, or even better – to visit the country as a tourist. You can try to contact the employer on your own. For example, Tbilisi hosts a large number of international companies that invite employees from abroad.
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You should start looking for vacancies by visiting the website of the Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs – moh.gov.ge.
Then you can take advantage of the opportunities of popular Georgian sites for employment:
Interesting vacancies in Georgia can be found on international job search sites:
If you are interested in working in the public sector, visit the hr.gov.ge portal.
With a detailed list of sites popular Georgian media you can find at onlinenewspapers.com.
The success of employment depends on the literacy of the resume and the cover letter. To learn more about the specifics of working in Georgia, you can contact social networks and specialized forums with labor migrants who have experience in this sunny country.
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