How do Ukrainians go to work in Bulgaria.
How do Ukrainians go to work in Bulgaria.
After joining the European Union in 2007 Bulgaria started a new stage in its history. The country abandoned Soviet methods in the economy, successfully carried out reforms and managed to attract foreign investors.
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However, Bulgaria still lags far behind in development from most EU countries, but it looks rather wealthy compared to Ukraine.
Low by the standards of the EU, the level of wages and quality of life is offset by the cost of living. Bulgarians spend two times less on everyday expenses than EU residents on average. Another problem of Bulgaria is painfully familiar to all Ukrainians – corruption in the highest echelons of power and organized crime. The country continues to struggle against these phenomena.
The unemployment rate in Bulgaria now stands at 7.9%. In general, this is within the average for the EU countries. In terms of employment, Bulgaria should not be seen as a place for quick earnings. For high wages, only qualified specialists and IT specialists can count here.
But all the same salaries in Bulgaria are much higher than in Ukraine. In addition, labor migrants are interested in the opportunity to live in a country with a mild climate and a developed tourism industry.
It makes sense to look for work for builders and people without special qualifications. Let’s take a closer look at the options for employment in Bulgaria and how to get there.
How to find a job in Bulgaria.
Since Bulgaria is an EU member, third-country residents need to get a work permit to begin with. True, there are exceptions for representatives of some professions. In particular, without permission, the following can work:
employees of companies that have a Bulgarian representative office; Persons who have received a long-term residence permit or are permanently resident in the country; members of the board of directors of local companies that do not work under the contract; members of the family of Bulgarians and EU citizens; refugees and persons who arrived in Bulgaria for political reasons.
All other cases involve a preliminary search for a job in Bulgaria and obtaining a work permit. This procedure provides that a potential migrant worker will agree with the Bulgarian employer who then applies to the local office of the National Employment Agency of Bulgaria with a statement and all supporting documents. In this case, the foreign applicant must submit the following documents:
a copy of the passport; 3 color photos; Diplomas that prove the existence of education, and other documents confirming experience and qualifications.
All other formalities should be taken care of by the employer. For example, you need to explain why a company attracts a foreigner. For this, it is first necessary to prove that no one responded to the vacancy in the local labor market. The National Employment Agency of Bulgaria makes a decision to issue a work permit within a month from the date of receipt of the application. Further, a labor migrant must obtain a working visa in the Consulate of Bulgaria in Ukraine.
As a rule, a work permit is granted for up to 1 year with the option of renewal. At the same time, it provides for employment only in a company that has invited a specialist, and exclusively in this field of activity. Within three months after moving to Bulgaria it is necessary to issue a residence permit.
Of course, in order to attract the attention of the Bulgarian employer, one must either have very good skills, or be prepared for heavy physical labor, which local workers do not agree with.
Registration of a work visa.
To work legally in Bulgaria, you need to get a work visa. As a rule, a long-term type D visa is issued at the Bulgarian Consulate, which provides an opportunity for a long stay on the territory of the state.
To apply for a work visa, you must submit the following documents:
a visa application form; Passport valid for at least 1.5 years; 1 color photo (3.5 & 4.54 cm); a work permit and an employment contract; proof of the availability of funds needed to stay in the country (approximately 1300 euros); medical insurance with a coverage of at least 30 thousand euros; proof of a place to live in Bulgaria; certificate of criminal record.
If the Consulate employees have certain questions, they may require additional documents. Usually the issue of issuing a visa is decided within 35 working days.
Available vacancies and salary level.
By European standards, the average salary in Bulgaria is considered one of the lowest – about 380 euros per month. But for Ukrainian realities this is quite a decent amount. Bulgaria also has a minimum wage level of 235 euros. The work should primarily be sought in cities with high economic activity – the capital Sofia, as well as Varna and Plovdiv.
Here is the situation with the payment of labor in certain spheres:
unskilled labor (waiters, cleaners, stevedores) – 250-300 euros; entertainment and tourism – 350 euros; agriculture – 370 euro; construction and workers in production – 380-400 euros; trade and transport – 420-450 euros; education and public service – 450 euros; medicine and the social sphere – 475 euros; energy – 800 euros; financial and insurance – 850 euros; branch IT – 1000-1100 euros.
As you can see, the most attractive for employment is the IT sphere, which offers a fairly decent level of payment. In addition, Bulgaria lacks its IT specialists, therefore local companies invite foreign experts. It is worthwhile to aim at work in an international company, but for this you need to know English.
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Despite a certain decline in industrial production, qualified foreigners with technical education can find work in Bulgaria. For example, without problems you can find jobs in the construction industry and in production.
You can also try to find work in the tourism field, but there is a lot of competition, although the level of salaries is not that high. But the majority of jobs in the summer are occupied by Bulgarian students, and foreigners are invited to close the remaining positions. Approximately the same situation is observed in the agrarian sector. A lot can not be earned here, but still it will bring more money than a similar work in Ukraine.
Where to look for work.
Most often in Bulgaria they are looking for work through personal connections and acquaintances. Thus, the presence in the country of relatives or friends significantly increases your chances of finding a job. Statistics show that about 50% of jobs in Bulgaria are filled in this way. Companies even sometimes do not have to post job ads.
If you do not have any friends in Bulgaria, you can make a tourist visit to combine the useful with the pleasant. On the one hand, you can relax at the resorts near the Black Sea, and on the other – try to make useful acquaintances. Fortunately, there are quite a lot of Russian-speaking people here. However, it is better to go to the country with at least a minimum knowledge of the Bulgarian and English languages.
A more complex option is to find an independent job on the Internet. Let’s take a closer look at the websites and portals that can help in finding work in Bulgaria.
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To begin with, visit the official portal of the National Employment Agency of Bulgaria – az.government.bg. Although it is designed primarily for the Bulgarians, but here you can find a lot of useful information about the local labor market.
Also in the search for work will help popular local job portals.
You can search for current vacancies on international job search sites:
Do not forget to visit the websites of local publications on a regular basis.
On the portal yellowpages.bg you can choose for yourself a local recruiting agency. Also here you can directly contact the Bulgarian company. Do not forget about the opportunities of the professional social network Linkedin, which can also help in finding a job in Bulgaria. To increase your chances, we advise you to use all these sites at the same time.
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