Education system in Canada.
Canada & # 8212; a country in which spending of the state budget on education makes up almost 7% of the country’s gross income. In terms of the population of the country, Canada ranks first in financing educational processes among developed countries. The second factor that ensures the quality of Canadian education at various levels (school, college, university) is mandatory testing of teachers when entering the workforce.
The education system in Canada as a whole is similar to the Russian & 8212; preschool institutions (kindergartens), primary and secondary schools, colleges and technical institutes, universities.
School: primary, middle and senior.
School education in Canada is compulsory and free of charge up to senior classes. That is, children under 15 years are obliged to attend school and the state provides them. The equipment of schools contains everything necessary for training: laboratories and classes, sports halls and grounds, computer facilities and the Internet.
Beginning of schooling is provided in 6 or 7 years, depending on the province, training lasts 12 years. Pre-school education is provided by preschool education & # 8212; In Canada, this is a system of kindergartens, which children attend since the age of four. After the kindergarten, the child enters primary school. In Canada, schooling is divided into three periods: primary (grades 1-5), secondary (grades 6-8) and senior (9-12 grade).
Features of school education.
The main feature of Canadian education is & # 8212; various requirements for the organization of the learning process and educational programs in different provinces. In Canada, there is no national system for the education of children and young people. Each province solves this issue in its own way, given the national and cultural characteristics, and its own history.
The main part of schools & # 8212; 93% of schoolchildren study in them. The smaller part is & # 8212; private paid schools or boarding schools in which children study and live. Free schooling is guaranteed only for the child Canadian. For foreign children, tuition is paid, the estimated level of payment is 25,000 Canadian dollars per year (including the cost of living in the family, the host child).
If a Russian child is equally required to pay for schooling, it is worth choosing a private school or boarding school. Private schools guarantee an excellent learning outcome. Schools-boarding type have the opportunity to send a young man to the university (thanks to the connections of the board of the boarding house). At ideal progress school boarding schools direct students to universities without entrance examinations.
In addition, there are religious Catholic schools in Canada.
In the Canadian schools conditions for interesting fascinating training are created, but unlike Russian schools, children are not forced to study. The question of motivation for learning is decided by the parents inside the family on their own.
Another feature of schooling in Canada is “# 8212; division of subjects into compulsory (mathematics, history, geography, English and French, physical education and vocational guidance) and desirable (at the choice of the student and his parents, guardians).
Due to the large number of immigrants in Canada, there are Russian schools. For example, in Vancouver there is a Russian school named after. A. Pushkin, in Toronto & # 8212; Russian-language school & Roots & # 187; and centers of creative development, and in Winnipeg & # 8212; Russian school & Firefly &. In general, Russian-speaking schools and development centers for children of Russian emigrants are quite numerous. Practically in every city you can organize a child the opportunity to communicate with peers in Russian.
Post-secondary education: why in Canada?
Professional training in Canada is considered prestigious for several reasons:
Canada & # 8212; a country with a high standard of living. Therefore, to study in it is not only informative and interesting, but also comfortable. All students lead a versatile life: they participate in trips and travel, sports competitions, holidays. In addition, education in the Canadian university “# 8212; the best way to immigrate to Canada through training. Thanks to the full state support, education in Canada is fascinating. There are a large number of laboratories, equipped with modern technology classes, professional teachers who know how to make the learning process interesting and visual, how to entice the student with the subject of training. In high schools lectures welcome discussions and discussions. Canada & # 8212; multinational country. Two state languages are recognized here. Therefore, the presence of an accent in pronunciation is not a psychological barrier in communication between foreign students and Canadian citizens. Higher education in Canada at a cost significantly lower than in other developed countries (US, UK). The minimum cost of training is regulated in the range of 10 thousand Canadian dollars per year (in contrast to the US, where training costs 30 thousand US dollars per year). Free higher education in Canada for Russian students is possible with special successes and achievements. There are free education programs for foreigners with sports achievements. At the same time the university pays the student accommodation and training in exchange for his sports participation in the university team. Education in Canada for Russians is possible at a different level of the budget.
Colleges of Canada.
After graduation, young people enter colleges, technical universities, universities. Like in Russia, colleges provide professional knowledge, while colleges provide education. theoretical training.
Colleges of Canada have different professional orientation: technical, military, art. Thus, here you can get any special education. In Canada, all colleges are focused on professional work and future careers (unlike universities, aimed at scientific development and research). Famous Colleges of Canada:
George Brown College; Centennial College of Applied Arts and Technology; Humber College; Conestoga College of Technology and Advanced Training; Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology; Algonkin College of Applied Arts and Technology.
High schools in Canada.
Higher Education in Canada & # 8212; second in quality after the American. In total, there are 260 universities in Canada, the total number of students is & # 8212; 1.9 million, among which 200 thousand foreign students (annually).
Canadian universities are divided into private (they are called private) and public (called public). Just like educational processes in schools, training in universities is regulated and controlled not by centralized state bodies, but locally. in the provincial offices.
Universities have advantages over colleges:
They can give a doctorate, a master’s degree. Universities are focused on scientific activity. Various scientific researches are carried out.
Features of higher education in Canada.
Post-secondary education is aimed at acquiring a future profession. Free education in Canada is possible for certain grants. That is, there is a payment for education, but not the student, but the organization that gave him a grant. The most prestigious spheres of education are & # 8212; are medicine and jurisprudence.
Medical Education in Canada & # 8212; one of the longest. Four years at the university, then 4 years in the medical school and 3 to 5 years in the internship. Legal education in Canada is also possible only after three years of study at a university with a compulsory high average score (at least 4.5 on a five-point system). To enter the legal profession it is necessary to pass the LSAT test, which not only tests the general level of knowledge, but also assesses the development of logical thinking, the ability to navigate in large volumes of text, and structure the material. And also for foreigners & # 8212; a TOEFL test with a high “A” rating. Training at the Faculty of Law in Canada & # 8212; prestigious, exclusive and elite.
The second higher education in Canada is carried out on the basis of a bachelor’s degree (a diploma after four years of study at a university).
Diploma of Canadian education.
Graduates of educational institutions receive various degrees of qualification:
Certificate & # 8212; training from 6 months to a year, gives a minimum of narrow-professional practical skills. The certificate can be undergraduate (at the end of college) and postgraduate (at the end of additional courses after the university). Diploma & # 8212; training up to 3 years, gives an average amount of professional knowledge, is given both at the end of colleges, and after three years of study at the university. Bachelor & # 8212; 4 years of study, this is a complete complete higher education. At this stage, most of the Canadian students complete their studies. The most common names for a degree are & # 8212; Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Science. Master and Doctor of Science & # 8212; Additional training after receiving a bachelor’s degree. Do it right after school is impossible. This is a postgraduate education. In Canada, MSc or doctoral studies are necessary for further theoretical studies and research, and last from one year to three years after four years of study for a bachelor. Total number of years in training & # 8212; up to seven.
In general, the education system is similar to the Russian one, but it is distinguished by its high prestige, the availability of a good material base, the level of practical training and the end result. The diploma of the Canadian university guarantees employment in any country of the world without additional confirmation of the diploma. If you are employed in a country with a Russian diploma, you need confirmation. How does this happen?
Diploma confirmation in Canada & # 8212; requires passing the assessment and qualification exam (theory and practice). In addition, to work in some specialties (for example, a doctor), citizenship of Canada is necessary. But the diploma of a lawyer at a Russian university in Canada is not appreciated at all. A full-fledged Canadian training in law is required.