Drugstores of the maple leaf country.
Canada has traditionally been considered one of the best living countries. Despite the vast territory, the country’s population is small and amounts to just over 31 million people. Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories. Favorable economic climate, good ecology, beautiful nature, high standard of living and active immigration policy contribute to the fact that many foreigners move here permanently to their place of residence.
Health Canada.
The healthcare system in Canada is publicly funded and represents a single system of insurance and health plans, called Medicare. Unlike the United States, where almost every third citizen of the country does not have medical insurance, all residents of Canada can expect free medical care. In addition to the national health insurance system, the provinces and territories of the country additionally provide the least protected part of the population – children, the elderly and the unemployed – with free medical services, and this package of additional services often includes free medicines. Additional medical insurance covering a significant part of the cost of medicines is also included in the compensation package in addition to wages.
In general, approximately 90% of the country’s population have some type of insurance coverage for standard drug costs, and only 10% of residents have health insurance coverage that does not cover these costs. Among the population that has insurance for paying for medicines, 11% receive full reimbursement for medicines, 69% receive medicines almost free of charge (only slightly paying for them out of their own pocket), and only 10% of health insurance covers only a part of the cost of medicines drugs – this category of the population is forced to pay 35% of their cost and more.
How to become an Apothecary in Canada.
In general, the system of selling drugs in Canada is almost the same as in the US, but drug prices are much lower here than in American pharmacies. Controls the work of pharmacists and the sale of drugs The Canadian Pharmaceutical Association. Most pharmacists in Canada (80%) work in retail pharmacies. About 15% of pharmacists work in hospital pharmacies, and the rest – in pharmacological associations, companies or consulting firms. The average salary of a pharmacist in Canada is 95 thousand dollars a year. This is less than in the US.
Requirements for specialists working in pharmacies in different provinces are different. Typically, for a pharmacist to work, you must have a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy from a Canadian university, practice internship or work as a trainee directly at the pharmacy, and then pass a national qualification exam. In Canada, pharmacists are trained in 9 universities. The training program is designed for 4 years, after which students spend a year in the pharmacy and then 6 months of internship. In some provinces, a bachelor’s diploma for work in a pharmacy is enough, and further training is no longer required.
The average Canadian drugstore.
The workload on pharmacists and pharmacists in Canada is quite high. The average Canadian pharmacy is staffed by specialists like this:
� 1.8 pharmacists work full-time;
� 2 pharmacists work part-time (part-time);
� 4.4 employees behind the counter work full-time;
� 4.4 employees at the counter work part-time.
Each province of the country has its own rules regarding the dispensing of medicines and the participation of pharmacists in this process. Duties of pharmacists in pharmacies and outpatient institutions of the country may also vary. In some provinces the maximum ratio of the number of pharmacists and pharmacists working in pharmacies is established. As a rule, pharmacists are only responsible for the dispensation of drugs, and pharmacists interact with doctors, advise patients on drug therapy, check the dispensed medication and control the interaction of medications to prevent allergic reactions.
In Canada, there is a voluntary national association to protect the interests of pharmacists, but there are no specific laws regulating or licensing the activities of pharmacists, although in some provinces attempts are being made to license the activities of pharmacists. Today in retail pharmacies of Canada there are about 19 thousand pharmacists, but the demand for them is much higher. The problem is aggravated by the fact that a number of specialists are hiring American pharmacies to work, and the problem of shortage of staff in Canadian pharmacies remains very acute.
Retail pharmacies of Canada.
In Canada there are more than 7 thousand retail pharmacies, and for a year they dispense medicines for about 300 million prescriptions. About 30% of the total number is made up of individual pharmacies owned by private individuals. Each such pharmacy releases medications on an average of 130 recipes a day. Approximately 57% of the total number of Canadian pharmacies are pharmacy stores that are part of the franchise in the branded pharmacy chains, and another 13% of pharmacies are located in grocery stores.
The largest pharmacy chain in Canada is Shoppers Drug Mart. This network was established in 1962, and today it includes more than 1.2 thousand pharmacies operating under the brands Shoppers Drug Mart and Pharmaprix. Shoppers Drug Mart chain stores are well-located, excellent service and a wide range of drugs, and they enjoy great consumer confidence. In 2011, the annual turnover of Shoppers Drug Mart amounted to about $ 10.5 million. In addition to medicines, Shoppers Drug Mart stores sell products for beauty and health, cosmetics and perfumes, seasonal demand products, household chemicals, stationery, hygiene products, household items and even products. Most pharmacies of this network operate until 22.00 or until midnight, and some pharmacies work around the clock.
The second largest pharmacy chain in Canada is Rexall, it includes about 1,100 pharmacies under several names.
Features of the assortment.
In recent years, the provincial governments in Canada have adopted a national format for drug allocation. According to this format, all drugs to be sold only in pharmacies are divided into 3 groups:
� non-narcotic prescription drugs;
� funds to be dispensed in pharmacies “behind the counter” (on the advice of a pharmacist), without the possibility of an independent choice by the consumer;
� non-prescription drugs that are subject to sale only in pharmacies, which the patient can choose and buy independently, without the advice of a pharmacist.
Thanks to this ranking today, some medicines can be bought in self-service grocery stores, but to expand the range of drugs in grocery stores, it is necessary to open a pharmacy section and include a pharmacist in the staff.
Canadian pharmacies sell medicines manufactured in Canada, and almost every one of them has a cheaper equivalent, the generic. The difference in price between the original drug and generic can be from 20 to 80%. Generally, the doctor prescribes the generics at the request of the patient, but the pharmacist in the pharmacy can also pick up the patient at his request instead of the original drug generic.
In Canada, the same drugs in different pharmacies can cost differently, and some drugs in small pharmacies are much cheaper than in large networks.
Pharmacy service in Canadian.
In many Canadian pharmacies, each customer is given a personal file in the database, which is integrated into the database of health insurance companies. This file records the patient’s personal data, indicates the number of his insurance and the presence of contraindications and allergies. When paying prescription drugs at the pharmacy checkout, that part of the cost of the medicine that is covered by the insurance is automatically deducted from the total price. In small pharmacies, this service may not be available, in which case the patient will have to get compensation directly from the insurer.
The process of customer service in online pharmacies in Canada has its own characteristics. Prices for prescription drugs in pharmacies are not indicated. The buyer gives the prescription to the pharmacist, and the prescription drugs are selected for a while. At the time of waiting, the patient receives a small device – something like a pager. When the order is ready, the pager issues a signal, and after that you can go to the cashier to pay for medicines. Having paid the order, the buyer should approach the pharmacist, who will tell how to take the medicine, and only after that the patient will be given a purchase. The tablets are placed in a special jar, and there will be exactly as many as the doctor prescribed for the course of treatment. The jar also indicates when and in what quantities the drug should be taken, despite the fact that the instructions for use are attached separately.
Interestingly, for people with chronic diseases who are forced to constantly take medicine, in many pharmacies in Canada there is a special service that reminds patients that it is time to buy the next dose of the drug. The prescription for such medicines is prescribed by the doctor once a year, but the release of the drugs is carried out in certain portions – usually not more than 100 tablets per time.
Without prescription in Canadian pharmacies, you can buy some painkillers and antipyretics, drugs for coughing, constipation, diarrhea, from motion sickness in transport, as well as vitamins, drugs for smoking and slimming, first aid for minor injuries, burns and cuts, bandages, plasters and some other small things. On OTC drugs, insurance does not apply. Antibiotics, cardiovascular drugs, psychotropic drugs and many other drugs are only available on prescription.