Do they sympathize with the murderers ?! About the Russian emigrants in Paris 100 years ago.
Traditionally, France was the center of Russian emigration. And this is evidenced by historical documents, publications, literary works. This is especially evident when visiting the main Russian cemetery in Paris Saint-Genevieve-de-Bois. It is here that the color of Russian emigre society lies. Practically the Russian world in 5220 graves. Nearby lie Z. Gippius and D. Merezhkovsky, I. Shmelev and R. Nuriev, I. Bunin and A. Galich. The first wave of post-revolutionary emigration that hit the countries of Europe 100 years ago, & ndash; this is a sad result of the devastating consequences of the Russian Revolution, the Civil War, the ruin and famine of the first years of the new Soviet life.
For the sake of justice, it should be noted that Paris was an emigrant Mecca in the pre-war period. Officially, the number of Russian residents at the beginning of the 20th century was 25 000 people, but unofficially there were more than 80 000. In total, according to statistics, in 1910, 2.8 million people officially lived in Paris.
The reasons for leaving Russia were much the same. If & laquo; new & raquo; post-revolutionary emigrants fled from the terror of the authorities for their participation in the struggle against the revolution, then the old & raquo; paid for their connection with the revolutionary and national liberation movement.
In Paris there were emigrant newspapers, there were Russian groups, groups. Russian cafes and libraries worked.
Naturally, behind all this many thousands and many-sided army of emigrants observed the all-seeing eye of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and even more precisely, “ndash; prefecture of the Paris police. It was she who daily touched the life of the emigrant Russian colony and was clearly aware of the problems and dangers that our compatriots bring to the life of the French capital.
Portal & laquo; History.php & raquo; first published (from the Archive of the President of the Russian Federation) excerpts from the analytical report of the prefecture of the Paris police to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. This report covers the first wave of Russian emigration, namely the period of 1907 – 1912 years.
It is interesting, and what analytical reports are written in the prefecture of the Paris police today, when the city was swept by wild crowds of emigrants from Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
Russian revolutionary emigrants in Paris.
Paris has always been a favorite refuge for emigrants from the Russian Empire: the Polish rebels found a warm welcome and sometimes enthusiastic admirers; The oppressed Jews were received with compassion for the nature of their misfortune; nihilists also used a mystical legend that enveloped all their actions.
Emigrants, however, did not represent a problem either for the Government or for individuals. They were few, and therefore quickly dissolved in the vast population of Paris and, because of their disunity, assimilated so that their individual representatives could participate in French social and political life.
Today it is not so: the consequences of the war in Manchuria outraged Russian society. In recent years, this has led to an abnormal mass emigration of not only individuals, but also the numerous groups that come to us on a daily basis.
It must be noted from the outset that among the people who left their native land, the youngest people, mobilized for the war, were the first in time, but because of fear of battles or in accordance with their political convictions, they were inclined to emigrate. The majority of emigrants are Jews from the Polish provinces of the Russian Empire, the number of which can not now be accurately calculated. It reached two or three thousand people.
Then come the political emigrants themselves, professing destructive beliefs for Russia, which in France correspond to republican principles, but in addition mainly individuals, at all times and in all civilizations, regarded as undesirable elements that any government has sought either to exclude or create unbearable conditions for their activities.
It is well known that in modern Russia there are many gifted people who are in favor of positive changes in their Motherland. But it’s hard to believe that they, like Leo Tolstoy, who have some resemblance to the French philosophers of the eighteenth century, sympathize with murderers and offenders, which the French revolution never knew.
While the number of ideological immigrants is extremely small, the number of those who are under surveillance in Russia because of their involvement in simple banditry is growing.
Among Russians who, more than 30 years ago, were granted asylum in France, even if one of them gained international fame, such as Kropotkin, there is not one of those who received French citizenship who would have learned the French way of thinking and the spirit of French traditions.
Because of their large numbers, Russian emigrants can much easier than their predecessors, to avoid the influence of the surrounding French environment. They bring their mentality to us and acquire with complete freedom what they left in their homeland: they create here a kind of new party that, if one excludes the place of creation, possesses all the attributes that make up the nation: language, traditions, common aspirations, common antipathies , similar customs.
Their community is even more effective than in Russia. Whereas in Great Britain, the Great Russians, Little Russians, Byelorussians, Lithuanians, Latvians, Finns, Kirghiz, Georgians, Armenians, Tatars and Jews are largely separated by language, again become real compatriots in Paris. They are fraternizing, and when these representatives of the various peoples of the empire gather together, they are more often spoken in German, which serves as their language of interethnic communication. This is due to the fact that the overwhelming majority of the colony is made up of Jews who are fluent in this language.