Argentina PMW tips
1. How to get there.
a) The cheapest way is through Ukraine, because between Ukraine and Argentina there is a government agreement on the simplified entry of Ukrainian citizens on an annual 27-A working visa (visa fee of $ 34). The validity of the visa is 12 months, i.�. within a year from the date of obtaining a visa you need to enter Argentina. A reusable visa – you can enter and leave Argentina unlimited times. Immediately the visa for permanent residence is no longer given (given until 1994), therefore on the site it will have to be extended every year until the achievement of a three-year annual living experience in Argentina, and only then receive a permanent residence permit (exception – marriage / marriage to local residents, the birth of a child in Argentina (you can go pregnant and give birth on the spot) – he “automatic” to become an Argentine, and you – with him). The queue for obtaining a visa is 27-A – up to 1 year (the Ukrainians themselves speak about $ 200 for obtaining a visa out of turn). The scheme for Russians is as follows: go to Ukraine, get Ukrainian citizenship (if necessary, then work a little), visa and fly from Moscow or Kiev to one of the foreign airlines (one-way ticket will cost from $ 750-800).
b) In one of the travel agencies to buy a tour or a tourist visa to Argentina (at least $ 150), go by a tourist (you have to buy tickets with the return, cheaper than Aeroflot for $ 1,260), find work on the spot (but where they will ” white “and apply for a change in the category of entry), or with the help of a lawyer to get a working visa of 27-A (from $ 1000), and if you wish for $ 500 to buy a fake DNI (a national identity card – a book the size of a Komsomol ticket with a thumbprint in a photo and pinned to the top document by a personal identification number of type 93.935.678, which you must remember as your name, because this number is constantly asked for the design of any “paper”).
c) Apply to one of the companies offering “immigration” in Argentina (in fact, you will be issued the same annual visa 27-A). The cost of services is $ 1800-2500 per person. The road to Buenos Aires will have to pay in addition.
Note: even when arriving by a tourist, you can stay in Argentina, work “in black” or bum under the palm tree in the park. No one will deport you and will not “put on” government bills. (many would be happy roof over their heads, free food and sending home – but the state has no money). When leaving with an overdue visa, pay in “Migraciones & quot; (opposite the Retiro station) $ 50 and buy your ticket safely to the Motherland.
2. Shipping of luggage.
a) With you on the flight of Aeroflot to Buenos Aires, you can transfer 2 pieces of luggage up to 30 kg each (total 60 kg) + hand luggage (up to 5 kg, although a small but heavy bag is unlikely to outweigh). On a foreign carrier 1 place up to 20 kg + hand luggage. These baggage information do not depend on the type of visa.
b) Send by mail (each parcel of up to 20 kg).
c) Send the OSB (in the customs language this means “separately available baggage”), which can only be sent if there is a 27-A visa. Cheaper OSB wooden box to send by rail to St. Petersburg (calculation at the rate in rubles), then with the help of, for example, “Soyuzvneshtransa” with the subsidiary company SVT-LOMO to make the “transshipment” from the railway to the seaport ($ 300) and send “water” (ie by sea, approximately $ 1,300-2,000 per 4 cubic meters of cargo to 1 ton of total weight). Take into account that the calculation of the cost goes according to the cubic meter of the box and the weight (it is better to keep up to a ton together in a container – cheaper). The drawer dimensions or standard 1.7 x 1.7 x 1.2 m, 2 x 2 x 2 m or non-standard according to your size. Do not forget to get permission to export encyclopedias, reference books, dictionaries, stamps, things “age” more than 50 years (suitcase 40-50-ies with iron corners already “not exported”), musical instruments and pay state fee.
Note: do not take a lot of things with you, although warm things are needed. Normal clothes for all – jeans, T-shirt, sweater, sneakers, jacket. All this can be bought on the spot.
2. Where to get a job for the first time:
a) one of the cheapest hotels & quot; Victoria & quot; Don Victoriano on Chacabuco Street (Chacabuco, house 746 – almost the center) – $ 25 for two per day, $ 15 for one,
b) the “Russian house”; – a hostel in the suburbs along San Martin street at the Vizha Bazhmer train station – Villa Ballester, not reaching the hanging pedestrian bridge – at least $ 200 per room per month, surrounded by our compatriots,
c) any & quot; board & quot; – a separate room or a cot with a shared kitchen and toilet (from $ 5-10 per day, payment for a week or a month in advance),
d) rent an apartment or house without the & quot; guarantor & quot; (this is a person who could vouch for you with his property) can be for $ 350-450 per month + will need to pay for the contract and “deposit” (ie add another amount in the amount of double-triple monthly payment) + monthly for utilities to pay $ 70-100,
e) You can spend the night free at the & quot; bus station & quot; – the station of intercity and international buses Retiro (the same name for the subway station, electric train) – there are full of homeless people, you can sleep on the benches, although sometimes the servants also overtake the homeless when cleaning from one station station to another.
a) the familiar Argentines (as the wife of the physicist Ludmila said, if you know the Russians, do not reach anything),
b) independent bypass of place after place,
c) read ads in & quot; Clarin & quot ;,
d) & quot; catch & quot; information about the work of our & quot; in the church, in transport, and generally in any case.
4. Who can help:
a) really no one, rely on your money and abilities,
b) charitable church organizations,
c) good friends, Argentines,
d) Argentine husband / wife,
Note: Help suggests tips and get to know the & quot; needed & quot; people.
5. How much money to have with you:
a) count on meals a month for $ 50 per person (starving) to $ 100 (the real amount),
b) expensive transportation – I spent $ 70 per month for travel to work (there are travel only for electric trains, the cost of travel by subway is $ 0.6, by bus $ 0.6-1.35, an electric train from $ 0.4),
c) add money to cleaning products, toilet paper, toothpaste, soap.
Total: expect at least $ 400 per month for a family of 2-3 people living in a dorm and a semi-existence (for reference: the average salary in Argentina is about $ 600).
6. What is realistic to expect:
a) only on oneself (the state will not help, social assistance to emigrants is not in sight),
b) free medical care at the domestic level for the poor, with the turn to the “state” the dentist will have to borrow at 3-4 o’clock in the morning (after all, the treatment and sealing of one tooth costs $ 40-100 in private), with urgent conditions pay for the call “private ambulance” from $ 15-20 monthly fee up to $ 100-150 for an individual call in an emergency (state ambulance “from a nearby hospital, since there are no municipal bases” fast “at all, still will not arrive – they leave only for road traffic and other emergencies, and in other cases either “no petrol” or “no car” – broken, went to another call, etc.), be aware that immigrants will have to buy drugs on their own money, whether although three times disabled (example: tableted antibiotic from $ 15-20 per course, medication for heartburn “Milanta” type “Maalox” for 24 tablets $ 7.8-8.0, cheap only alcohol at $ 0.7-0.8 per 500 ml, which can be bought in any store), for consultation with a private practitioner to pay $ 15-100; ideally – to have health insurance from the employer or privately pay $ 70-100 per month for preferential medical and medicinal services for a family of 2-3 people, or be a pensioner with 30 years of work experience in Argentina that have some benefits, like persons without a pension (do not receive a centavo), but older than 70 years – both categories for PAMI insurance,
c) study again – certificates from the end of the secondary school, the diplomas of the institutes will need to be translated, certified in 3 ministries and, as a result, confirmed, since our documents on education are not really recognized (for example, for the secondary school it is necessary to pass 4 exams: Spanish language and literature, geography and Argentine social science – naturally in Spanish, to confirm a doctor’s diploma of another 7 in medical subjects) – for all translations, assurances, exams will have to be paid,
d) at the first success of employment – work for $ 2 per hour (sometimes $ 1.2-1.6) as a laborer (note that unemployment is about 15%),
e) patience in receiving salaries (in private firms, payment delays reach half a year, and sometimes the “office” can simply “burst” and disappear without payment of debt),
f) mold (grows everywhere due to high humidity),
g) & quot; earn & quot; pension can be obtained after 30 years of work with a monthly tax deduction (minimum pension $ 150, usually receive $ 200-350), only one in ten of the converted Argentineans achieves a social pension with a shortage of seniority,
h) After 2 years from the receipt of permanent residence, you will have Argentine citizenship (since 1996, Argentines are allowed to enter the United States without a visa for up to 90 days, this permission is extended by the US State Department each year, but can be canceled), and neighboring countries can travel with an internal a passport or a federal police certificate without visas even to foreigners, but only having a permanent residence in Argentina,
i) bureaucracy and extortion of officials – free waiting for decisions will take a long time, besides the documents often “lose”,
j) Promises (you will never be told “no”, but “man’an”, i.e., “tomorrow”, which you can regard as “never”)
l) a damp and cold climate in winter (up to 0 degrees on the street and + 12 + 14 indoors without individual heating, since there is no central heating, with humidity up to 100%), stuffy in summer (up to +40 in the capital, and on north and up to +50),
m) forget about real black bread, sprats, smoked fish, natural salmon caviar (on sale there is protein black and red color $ 6-8 for 100 gram jar), for buckwheat (if you want) you have to pay $ 6 for 1 kg, herring, cucumbers , cabbage to salt yourself, fennel fans to buy its seeds (there are not everywhere) or greens for the big luck among Russian grandmothers in the church, get used to a lot of preservatives, spicy food, stewed vegetables, from berries there is only strawberries, from mushrooms – champignons.
Tip: all documents are legalized, i.e. to certify with the stamp “apostille”, to have photocopies on all “papers”, and also duplicates of the birth certificate (it is important for registration of DNI – after all, if you lose the metric, you will have to obtain a second certificate of the Russian registry office), to the diploma – the application on the number of hours each subject.
7. Learn, learn and study again:
a) first, the language: one of the religious funds organizes language courses somewhere near Libertad (near the Obelisk), do self-training, read more, listen to TV, do not hesitate to communicate anywhere – with the bus driver, the cashier’s shop, neighbors, etc.,
b) go to primary school (for free for a year finish 7 classes, get an official certificate of primary education – but keep in mind that no one there will specifically teach you the language, although the method of “deep immersion” will master the language at a household level for several months) ,
c) you will receive any Argentine diploma – any national if only (the annual free courses of the Red Cross nurse are valued above the Russian doctor’s diploma, however, to enter these courses you need to have an Argentine certificate of the 7th grade – see above).
Note: the better you know Spanish – the better. English in everyday life and in communication with foreigners is not applied at all.
8. How to behave in society:
b) kissing everyone at the meeting and parting,
c) do not talk about politics (local is not interesting),
d) answer all questions about life in Russia,
d) smile under any circumstances,
e) not to carry large amounts of money with you – an increase in crime of 19-29% per year,
g) Do not be afraid of the police (advice is not for criminals).
9. Places of meeting with compatriots:
a) the church on the street Brazil (opposite the park Lesam – Lezama),
b) the society of Ukrainians on Masa Street (Maza),
c) the church in St. Vladimir Street (between the electric stations Vizha Bazhter and Chilaver – Chilavert),
10. Ways to go home:
a) have a return ticket,
b) to have an NC (untied reserve) for a return ticket, because you can not borrow $ 800 anyway.
As a rule, old clothes are thrown away or given to the needy.