�4. Georgian political emigration.
�4. Georgian political emigration.
The Georgian emigre government continued its active struggle. The purpose of this struggle was to attract world attention to the problem of the Georgian people.
In the mid-1920s, the Georgian emigration suffered a heavy loss: in 1926, the famous politician Nikoloz (Carlo) Chkheidze committed suicide. In 1930, agents of the special services of Soviet Russia killed prominent politician Noe Ramishvili.
Especially aggravated the situation for the Georgian emigration in 1932. This year the Soviet-French pact was concluded. The pact did not specifically touch the Georgian embassy in France, but it stated that the governments of France and the Soviet Union undertake not to allow activities on the territory of their country that are undesirable for the other side of the organization, i.e. hostile to this other side. Proceeding from this, the presence of the Georgian embassy in France was contrary to the condition of the concluded pact, therefore in 1933 it ceased to exist.
In 1934 the Georgian emigration did a great job of creating the Transcaucasian Confederation. In Brussels, representatives of Georgia, Azerbaijan and the North Caucasus signed the “Pact of the Transcaucasian Confederation”. In 1935, the Committee for the Independence of the Transcaucasus convened a conference of the signatories of the “Pact of the Transcaucasian Confederation”, at which the “Council of the Transcaucasian Confederation” was elected. The Council was entrusted with the function of the head of the national movement of the Caucasian peoples. It is clear that in the current international situation the Council could not accomplish the tasks it faced.
The situation of the Georgian political emigration deteriorated even more as a result of the adoption of the Soviet Union in the League of Nations. It was clear that now the problem of Georgia will become a matter of internal discussion for the Soviet government and its removal to the trial of the world public is practically excluded. In its activity, the Georgian emigration encountered obstacles that created unfavorable grounds for rallying political parties that were in emigration. The creation of a united national front of struggle became a matter of less and less probable.
Thus, from the mid-1920s until the late 1930s the Georgian emigration continued to be active, but in the current international situation, the restoration of Georgia’s independence was not possible. The bitterness of the defeat experienced by the Georgian emigration in the struggle for Georgia’s independence strengthened the tensions within the emigration government.
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